7 Continents, 5 Oceans And List Of All Countries In The World

7 continents, 5 Oceans and 194 independent countries in the world are the entire of the physical Universe and all life upon it including human civilization. We have included the details about how many countries are in the world below in this article.

The earth is comprised of expansive land masses known as continents and water bodies known as oceans. This planet hasn’t been similar as how we see it now. Millions of years ago there were just a single huge land mass and an expansive ocean encompassing it. Afterward the land mass began to separated and float apart encompassed by water bodies on all sides and yet going on.

world map

A continent is one of very large landmasses on the planet Earth. For the most part recognized by convention willingly than any stern criteria, up to seven regions are universally considered as continents. Continents are extremely large, continuous, discrete landmasses and ideally alienated by expanses of water.

Presently we have 7 continents and 5 oceans which are home to every one of us and billions of other living organisms. Let us learn about each of these 7 continents, 5 oceans and 194 independent countries that make up our planet earth.

Before we discuss about the 7 Continents of the World, we should know some basic things first. We have represented a table below which contains all the necessary basics on the go.

The widely recognized 7 continents of the world are listed by biggest to smallest size underneath:

Continent Area (km²) Area
Percentage
Population Population Percentage Most Populous City
Asia 43,820,000 29.50% 4,393,296,000 59.80% Shanghai, China
Africa 30,370,000 20.40% 1,186,178,000 16.10% Lagos, Nigeria
North America 24,490,000 16.50% 573,777,000 7.80% Mexico City, Mexico
South America 17,840,000 12.00% 418,447,000 5.70% São Paulo, Brazil
Antarctica 13,720,000 9.20% 4,490 0.00% McMurdo Station, US
Europe 10,180,000 6.80% 738,442,000 10.00% Moscow, Russia
Australia 9,008,500 5.90% 39,331,000 0.50% Sydney, Australia

World Map

The world map consists of the entire surface of the World. In this site you’ll get different categories of World maps and country maps such as location map, Google map, large detailed map, administrative map, physical map, tourist map, political map, road map and physiographic map. Due to the problem of projection, maps distort the presentation of the earth's surface.

World maps are classified to acquire different types global knowledge required to construct them. Before the European Renaissance, a meaningful map of the world could not be constructed as less than half of the earth’s coastlines, not to mention its inside regions, were known to any culture. World maps are generally focused on political and physical features.

Political maps emphasize national and regional boundaries and human settlement. Physical maps demonstrate features like: mountains, soil type or land use. Geological maps demonstrate the surface, as well as characteristics of the hidden rock, fault lines, and subsurface structures.

How many countries in the world

It is very difficult to answer exactly that how many countries are in the world, as there isn’t any accurate answer. After analyzing various official statistics from different governmental and international agencies from all over the world, lot of inconsistency is seen for this figure. Depending upon different sources we have included 194 independent countries in the world lies into 7 continents.

Several international authorities vary greatly on how many countries in the world, but most of the international authorities and current experts agreed on 194 countries of the world in existence excluding Kosovo, Palestine, Western Sahara, Taiwan, Greenland and many other partly recognized states.

As of now, there are two disputable speculations of statehood. The constitutive hypothesis says that, if a self-declared state is perceived by other sovereign states, then it will be count as a country. The decisive hypothesis guarantees that no needs any official recognition to consider as a country.

However, there is much omission from both speculations in the present political reality. In fact, any sovereign state must have an own area with clearly defined borders, an enduring population, a government with other legal authorities, sovereignty and the ability to preserve external relations.

There are some fundamental things required for every independent state, which vary from others:

  • The national flag
  • The national anthem
  • Coat of arms
  • Capital city
  • Official language (s)
  • The official currency
  • The passport of citizen
  • International calling code
  • ISO country code
  • Country domain

These traits characterize the distinction of the country, make it worldwide recognizable and are broadly utilized as a part of daily life.

The widely recognized seven continents of the world are listed by biggest to smallest size underneath:

Europe

Europe is the sixth largest continent in the world has a total area of 10,180,000 km² which is almost 7% of total landmass of the world. It is also the third most populated continent in the world has a total population of 738 million people which is almost 10% of total population of the world.

europe map

There are total 51 countries in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems. This continent has a large diversity of cultures, ethnicities and languages.

The largest country in Europe is Russia and Vatican City is the smallest. Russia has got territory in both the Europe and Asia continents and has around 40% of the land area of Europe.

Europe is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Arctic Ocean in the north and the Mediterranean Sea in the south. To the southeast and east, the continent is commonly considered as divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Caspian and Black Seas, the Ural River and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.

  • alphabetical list of countries in Europe is below:

    1. Albania
    2. Andorra
    3. Armenia
    4. Austria
    5. Azerbaijan
    6. Belarus
    7. Belgium
    8. Bosnia and Herzegovina
    9. Bulgaria
    10. Croatia
    11. Cyprus
    12. Czech Republic
    13. Denmark
    14. Estonia
    15. Finland
    16. France
    17. Georgia
    18. Germany
    19. Greece
    20. Hungary
    21. Iceland
    22. Ireland
    23. Italy
    24. Kazakhstan
    25. Kosovo
    26. Latvia
    27. Liechtenstein
    28. Lithuania
    29. Luxembourg
    30. Macedonia
    31. Malta
    32. Moldova
    33. Monaco
    34. Montenegro
    35. Netherlands
    36. Norway
    37. Poland
    38. Portugal
    39. Romania
    40. Russia
    41. San Marino
    42. Serbia
    43. Slovakia
    44. Slovenia
    45. Spain
    46. Sweden
    47. Switzerland
    48. Turkey
    49. Ukraine
    50. United Kingdom (UK)
    51. Vatican City (Holy See)

Asia

Asia is the largest continent in the world has a total area of 43,820,000 km² which is almost 30% of total landmass of the world. It is also the most populated continent in the world has a total population of 4.3 billion people which is almost 60% of total population of the world. The large amount of population makes an important role in the world economy.

There are total 50 countries in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems. Asia was the origin of most mainstream religions of the world including Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Confucianism, Sikhism, Zoroastranism, Taoism, Jainism as well as many other religions.

asia map

Asia is located in the northern and eastern hemispheres of the globe. The boundary of this continent is not very clearly defined because there is not any clear geographical separation in between Asia and Europe.

The mixture of this two continents form a large landmass is also known as Eurasia. The Pacific Ocean is on the east of Asia, Indian Ocean to the south and Arctic Ocean to the north.

  • alphabetical list of countries in Asia is below:

    1. Afghanistan
    2. Armenia
    3. Azerbaijan
    4. Bahrain
    5. Bangladesh
    6. Bhutan
    7. Brunei
    8. Cambodia
    9. China
    10. Cyprus
    11. Georgia
    12. India
    13. Indonesia
    14. Iran
    15. Iraq
    16. Israel
    17. Japan
    18. Jordan
    19. Kazakhstan
    20. Kuwait
    21. Kyrgyzstan
    22. Laos
    23. Lebanon
    24. Malaysia
    25. Maldives
    26. Mongolia
    27. Myanmar (Burma)
    28. Nepal
    29. North Korea
    30. Oman
    31. Pakistan
    32. Palestine
    33. Philippines
    34. Qatar
    35. Russia
    36. Saudi Arabia
    37. Singapore
    38. South Korea
    39. Sri Lanka
    40. Syria
    41. Taiwan
    42. Tajikistan
    43. Thailand
    44. Timor-Leste
    45. Turkey
    46. Turkmenistan
    47. United Arab Emirates (UAE)
    48. Uzbekistan
    49. Vietnam
    50. Yemen

Africa

Africa is the second largest continent in the world has a total area of 30,370,000 km² which is almost 21% of total landmass of the world. It is also the second most populated continent in the world has a total population of 1.18 billion people which is over 16% of total population of the world. The large amount of population makes an important role in the world economy.

There are total 54 countries in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems.

This continent has a large diversity of cultures, ethnicities and languages. In the delayed 19th century European countries occupied most of Africa. Most current countries in Africa originate from a procedure of decolonization in the 20th century.

Africa is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Indian Ocean to the south east and the Red Sea and the Suez Canal to the northeast along with the Sinai Peninsula.

  • alphabetical list of countries in Africa is below:

    1. Algeria
    2. Angola
    3. Benin
    4. Botswana
    5. Burkina Faso
    6. Burundi
    7. Cabo Verde
    8. Cameroon
    9. Central African Republic (CAR)
    10. Chad
    11. Comoros
    12. Democratic Republic of the Congo
    13. Republic of the Congo
    14. Cote d’Ivoire
    15. Djibouti
    16. Egypt
    17. Equatorial Guinea
    18. Eritrea
    19. Ethiopia
    20. Gabon
    21. Gambia
    22. Ghana
    23. Guinea
    24. Guinea-Bissau
    25. Kenya
    26. Lesotho
    27. Liberia
    28. Libya
    29. Madagascar
    30. Malawi
    31. Mali
    32. Mauritania
    33. Mauritius
    34. Morocco
    35. Mozambique
    36. Namibia
    37. Niger
    38. Nigeria
    39. Rwanda
    40. Sao Tome and Principe
    41. Senegal
    42. Seychelles
    43. Sierra Leone
    44. Somalia
    45. South Africa
    46. South Sudan
    47. Sudan
    48. Swaziland
    49. Tanzania
    50. Togo
    51. Tunisia
    52. Uganda
    53. Zambia
    54. Zimbabwe

North America

North America is the third largest continent in the world has a total area of 24,490,000 km² which is almost 17% of total landmass of the world. It is also the third most populated continent in the world has a total population of 573 million people which is almost 8% of total population of the world. This continent has led by the USA which is the largest economy in the world.

north america map

There are total 23 countries in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems. This continent has a large diversity of cultures, ethnicities and languages.

In the northern parts of the continent European influences are strongest while indigenous and African influences are comparatively stronger in the south. For the reason that the history of colonialism, most North Americans speaks English, French or Spanish and societies and states generally reflect Western traditions.

North America is bordered by Arctic Ocean to the north, Pacific Ocean to the south and west, Atlantic Ocean to the east and South America and Caribbean Sea to the south east. This continent lies almost entirely in the western hemisphere.

  • alphabetical list of countries in North America is below:

    1. Antigua and Barbuda
    2. Bahamas
    3. Barbados
    4. Belize
    5. Canada
    6. Costa Rica
    7. Cuba
    8. Dominica
    9. Dominican Republic
    10. El Salvador
    11. Grenada
    12. Guatemala
    13. Haiti
    14. Honduras
    15. Jamaica
    16. Mexico
    17. Nicaragua
    18. Panama
    19. Saint Kitts and Nevis
    20. Saint Lucia
    21. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    22. Trinidad and Tobago
    23. United States of America (USA)

South America

South America is the fourth largest continent in the world has a total area of 17,840,000 km² which is almost 12% of total landmass of the world. It is also the fourth most populated continent in the world has a total population of 418 million people which is almost 6% of total population of the world.

There are total 12 independent countries and 3 dependent territories in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems. This continent has a large diversity of cultures, ethnicities and languages.

The majority of the population lives near the continent’s eastern or western coasts while the interior and the far south are lightly populated. Andes Mountains has dominated the geography of western South America; the eastern part surrounds both highland areas and large lowlands where rivers such as the Amazon, Paraná and Orinoco flow.

South America is located in the western hemisphere along with most of its land area situated in the southern hemisphere and a comparatively small part in the northern hemisphere. It has Atlantic Ocean to the north and eastern side, Pacific Ocean to its western side, and North America and Caribbean Sea to the North West side.

  • alphabetical list of countries in South America is below:

    1. Argentina
    2. Bolivia
    3. Brazil
    4. Chile
    5. Colombia
    6. Ecuador
    7. Guyana
    8. Paraguay
    9. Peru
    10. Suriname
    11. Uruguay
    12. Venezuela

Antarctica

Antarctica is the coldest continent in the world has a total area of 13,720,000 km² which is 9% of total landmass of the world. The population of the continent is 4,490 people. The continent surrounds the geographic South Pole and is located in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, about wholly south of the Antarctic Circle and is bordered by the Southern Ocean. It is one of the most no inhabitable places on earth.

It is also home to a small number of plant and animal species. It is the coldest landmass on the earth and is made of permanent glaciers. About 98% of the continent has covered by ice of about 1.9 kilometers thick.

Australia

Australia is one of the continent in the world has a total area of 9,008,500 km² which is almost 6% of total landmass of the world. It has a total population of 39 million people which is almost 0.5% of total population of the world.

There are total 14 countries in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems. This continent has a large diversity of cultures, ethnicities and languages. It is one of the economical developed continent with the second highest human development index internationally.

Australia is comprising mainland of Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, Seram, possibly Timor, and neighboring islands.

  • alphabetical list of countries in South America is below:

    1. Australia
    2. Fiji
    3. Kiribati
    4. Marshall Islands
    5. Micronesia
    6. Nauru
    7. New Zealand
    8. Palau
    9. Papua New Guinea
    10. Samoa
    11. Solomon Islands
    12. Tonga
    13. Tuvalu
    14. Vanuatu

List Of Five Oceans Countries In The World

The largest portion of the earth’s surface has covered by water. About 72%% of the planet’s surface is covered by water, from which more than 96% is salt water in our oceans. These huge water bodies which bordered the continents are called oceans which divided into 5 Oceans such as: Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean and Antarctic Ocean. Know what are the 5 Oceans of the Planet earth and get more deeper into them.

Before we discuss about the 5 Oceans of the World, we should know some basic things first. We have represented a table below which contains all the necessary basics on the go.

The widely recognized 5 Oceans of the World are listed by biggest to smallest size underneath:

Ocean Area (km²) Area
Percentage
Volume (km3) Avg. depth (m) Coastline (km)
Pacific Ocean 168,723,000 46.6 669,880,000 3,970 135,663
Atlantic Ocean 85,133,000 23.5 310,410,900 3,646 111,866
Indian Ocean 70,560,000 19.5 264,000,000 3,741 66,526
Antarctic Ocean 21,960,000 6.1 71,800,000 3,270 17,968
Arctic Ocean 15,558,000 4.3 18,750,000 1,205 45,389

 

Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest among all other oceans has a total area of 168,723,000 km² which is almost 47% of total water bodies in the earth. It is located between eastern coast lines of Asia and Africa and the western coastlines of the American continents.

Arctic Ocean is in the north of Pacific Ocean and Antarctic Ocean in the south. It has the longest coastline is about 135,663 kilometers. In fact, it is larger than all total land area combined. The Mariana Trench is the deepest point on the earth that is in the North Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean is the most peaceful one.

Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest among all other oceans has a total area of 85,133,000 km² which is almost 24% of total water bodies in the earth. It has the second longest coastline is about 111,866 kilometers. Atlantic Ocean is bordered by Africa and Europe to the east and Americas to the west.

It consists of the Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. Like the Pacific Ocean, it also reaches out to Antarctic Ocean in the south and Arctic Ocean in the north. It is the home of numerous marine species, including the sperm whale that is the largest living toothed animal.

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest among all other oceans has a total area of 70,560,000 km² which is almost 20% of total water bodies in the earth. It has the third longest coastline is about 66,526 kilometers. It has been home to a rich diversity of human kind right through the world history. It is bordered by the shores of Middle East, eastern coast of Africa and India in the north.

It is divided from the Pacific Ocean by south East Asia and Australia. The Indian Ocean is also rich in exotic plan and animal species. The diverse neighboring countries mostly exploit the beach sands that surround a rich amount of heavy minerals. The Mumbai port is the principal trading port of India on the coast in the Indian Ocean which is also known to be the Gateway of India.

Antarctic Ocean

The Antarctic Ocean is the fourth largest among all other oceans has a total area of 15,558,000km² which is more than 6% of total water bodies in the earth. It has the longest coastline is about 17,968 kilometers. It is the southern ocean and it is located in front of to the South Pole. It has a great influence on the planet’s weather patterns.

It joins the waters of Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean with a persistent easterly current. Geologically it is considered to be the youngest of all oceans. There is a wide diversity of marine natures that exist and rely on the phytoplankton in the Antarctic Ocean. It is also consists giant oil and gas fields and valuable minerals.

Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean is the fifth largest among all other oceans has a total area of 15,558,000 km² which is 4% of total water bodies in the earth. It has the fourth longest coastline is about 45,389 kilometers. It is the shallowest and smallest of all the oceans in the world.

The size of the Arctic Ocean is compared by the total area of Russia. It is bordered by the Eurasian and north American continents that include the Hudson Bay, the North Sea and Barents Sea.

The Arctic Ocean is covered with ice most of the time often thick as up to hundreds of feet. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere and the ocean is usually measured to be the northernmost part of the total World Ocean

FAQ’s

Q: How many continents in the world?

A: There are 7 continents in the world.

Q: How many Oceans in the world?

A: There are 5 oceans in the world.

Q: How many countries in the world?

A: There are 194 countries in the world.

Q: How many countries in Asia?

A: There are total 50 countries in the Asia.

Q: What is the present population of Asia?

A: The present population of the Asia is 4,393,296,000.

Q: What is the most populous city of Asia?

A: Shanghai, China is the most populous city of Asia.

Q: How many countries in North America?

A: There are total 23 countries in the North America.

Q: What is the present population of North America?

A: The present population of the North America is 573,777,000.

Q: What is the most populous city of North America?

A: Mexico City, Mexico is the most populous city of North America.

Q: How many countries in South America?

A: There are total 12 countries in the South America.

Q: What is the present population of South America?

A: The present population of the South America is 418,447,000.

Q: What is the most populous city of South America?

A: São Paulo, Brazil is the most populous city of South America.

Q: How many countries in Europe?

A: There are total 51 countries in the Europe.

Q: What is the present population of Europe?

A: The present population of the Europe is 738,442,000.

Q: What is the most populous city of Europe?

A: Moscow, Russia is the most populous city of Europe.

Q: How many countries in Africa?

A: There are total 54 countries in the Africa.

Q: What is the present population of Africa?

A: The present population of the Africa is 1,186,178,000.

Q: What is the most populous city of Africa?

A: Lagos, Nigeria is the most populous city of Africa.

Q: How many countries in Australia?

A: There are total 14 countries in the Australia.

Q: What is the present population of Australia?

A: The present population of the Australia is 39,331,000.

Q: What is the most populous city of Australia?

A: Sydney, Australia is the most populous city of Australia.

World Most Popular List

Free Newsletter Subscribe