australia continent | australia map | list of countries in australia

australia continent | australia map | list of countries in australia

Australia is the smallest continent in the world has a total 14 independent Australian countries at this moment. Australia is the largest country in this continent and Nauru is the smallest one. Sydney is the largest city of Australia Continent followed by Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Gold Coast-Tweed, Newcastle, Canberra-Queanbeyan, Wollongong and Port Moresby.

Map of Australia

Map of Australia represents all Australian countries, borders of each Oceania countries and capitals along with major cities, road networks and countries & states boundaries, the physical features like most important mountain ranges, rivers and lakes. Australia is comprising mainland of Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, Seram, possibly Timor, and neighboring islands.

List of Countries in Australia

Before we discuss about the South America, we should know some basic things first. We have represented a table below which contains all the necessary basics of this continent. The widely recognized 14 independent countries in Australia are listed by alphabetically with their current and estimated gross domestic product data collected from the Statistics Times.

Country GDP per capita (Nominal) ($) GDP per capita (PPP) (Int. $)
2013 2014 change 2013 2014 change
New Zealand 41,490 43,837 2,347 34,061 35,152 1,091
Palau 14,022 15,210 1,188 15,005 16,272 1,267
Fiji 4,578 4,757 178 7,838 8,236 398
Samoa 4,171 4,308 136 5,049 5,180 130
Solomon Islands 1,886 2,009 124 1,883 1,895 12
Tonga 4,334 4,429 94 4,715 4,883 167
Papua New Guinea 2,098 2,133 35 2,290 2,399 109
Micronesia 3,034 3,041 7 2,965 3,015 50
Kiribati 1,676 1,647 -30 1,652 1,713 61
Vanuatu 3,124 3,092 -32 2,556 2,608 52
Marshall Islands 3,572 3,539 -33 3,321 3,334 12
Tuvalu 3,575 3,484 -91 3,168 3,274 105
Australia 64,429 61,219 -3,210 45,094 46,433 1,340
Asia 45,729.66 43,918.06 -1,811.60 32,908.52 33,828.16 919.634

 

Australia is one of the continent in the world has a total area of 9,008,500 km² which is almost 6% of total landmass of the world. It has a total population of 39 million people which is almost 0.5% of total population of the world. There are total 14 countries in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems.

This continent has a large diversity of cultures, ethnicities and languages. It is one of the economical developed continent with the second highest human development index internationally. Australia is comprising mainland of Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, Seram, possibly Timor, and neighboring islands.

Australia is also called in technical contexts by the names Sahul, Australinea or Meganesia, to differentiate it from the Australian mainland, is a continent comprising mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, Seram, possibly Timor, and neighboring islands.

Geology

Australia is mainly positioned on the Indo-Australian Plate. It does not have any dynamic volcano regions as it is situated centrally on the tectonic plate. Australia is the only continent with such a feature. The landmass of this continent used to be connected with the Antarctica continent to form the southern supercontinent called the Gondwana. It was till the plate floated north about 96 million years. After a long time, Australia and New Guinea remained a permanent landmass.

Biogeography

A unique fauna, flora and mycobiota were developed as the Australia continent drifted northward from Antarctica. Although the monotremes and marsupials are on other continents as well, it was only in Australia and New Guinea that were able to out-compete the placental mammals and control the area. Even bird existence did prosper significantly. It was mostly the ancestors of the passerine forms that now figure more than 50% of the avian life on earth. The alliance between the Cyttaria gunnii, which is a golf ball fungi, and the other connected trees in the genus Nothofagus is especially remarkable among the fungi.

Economy

The Australian economy is notorious to be one of the most steady and successful in the world. This has happened because of its quick advancement rate in the twentieth century. There is bottomless accessibility of assets in the mainland, making it assorted and dominatingly primary sector oriented economy. The pillars of economic development have been grains, minerals, animals, coal, and handled metals as far back as the European settlement in 1788. It keeps on having the real influence in creating the income.

Trade is a noteworthy wellspring of income for the general population of Australia. Crude materials were traded from Australia to the Great Britain and other European nations. The exchange was declined amongst Australia and Great Britain once Europe joined the European Union (EU). Australia has from that point forward begun looking for more current markets to make up for the loss of exchange.

It discovered markets in Asia, particularly in Japan and Southeast Asia. Japan acquired a considerable measure of agrarian items and minerals from Australia. Australia expanded the fares to Europe and the United States when the money related emergency struck in the late 1990s.

The natural features and the geographic position of the landmass are significant purposes behind the mainland’s monetary circumstance. The prompt neighbors are all creating nations. In addition, the mainland is dry and has poor soils. This constrains the capability of horticultural cultivating, and requires a ton of water and manures to be foreign. The insides of the landmass are appropriate just for dairy cattle eating.

Australia is for the most part level land with only a couple of little mountain ranges. They are low in rise and run north south along the eastern edges. The considerable separations between the populace focuses and that between the required assets are the primary deterrents for building streets and railways.

Australia is a noteworthy exporter of agrarian products like fleece and wheat, minerals like gold and iron metal, furthermore vitality like coal and condensed characteristic gas. Ventures have been made in the fields of instruction, wellbeing, preparing, transport, and different sorts of social foundation.

Tourism

Tourism assumes an immense part in the economy of the mainland. The famous goals like the beach front urban communities of Melbourne and Sydney, Queensland, the Great Barrier Reef and the Gold Coast, Uluru, the biggest reef on the planet, the Tasmanian wild, and the Australian outback draw in a ton of voyagers from al round the world. The Australian natural life is known to be one of a kind in its own way, and this is a noteworthy purpose of enthusiasm for Australian tourism.

Australia is known to be the main country that administers a whole mainland and the remote islands around it. The biggest island is the territory Australia. It is the flattest and the littlest landmass on the planet. The most astounding point on the terrain is the Mount Kosciuszko, which is just 2,228 meters. It is the world’s driest continent that is inhabited.

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