Brazil Facts | All information about Brazil

Brazil official name is the Federative Republic of Brazil.

Basic Information

Brasilia is the capital of Brazil.

Where is Brazil Located ?

Brazil is located in the South America continent.

Brazil Flag

The national flag of Brazil

Brazil Facts :

  • Name: Brazil
  • Official Name: Federative Republic of Brazil
  • Capital: Brasilia
  • Continent: South America
  • Langues:

The Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. It is the fifth-largest country in the world by both area and population. It is also the largest country to have Portuguese as one of their official languages and the only in the Americas.

Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km and it has bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east. The country has bordered by all other South American countries except Chile and Ecuador and it covers 47.3 percent of the continent’s land area. The Amazon River basin which includes a vast tropical forest, a variety of ecological systems, home to diverse wildlife and extensive natural resources across numerous protected habitats.

This unique ecological heritage makes the country one of 17 mega-diverse countries in the world and it is the subject of major global interest and debate on the subject of deforestation and environmental protection.

Brazil was inhabited by various tribal nations earlier to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who stated the area for the Portuguese Empire. Until 1808, Brazil remained a Portuguese colony, once the capital of the empire was relocated from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. The colony was elevated to the kingdom in 1815, ahead the formation of the United Kingdom of Brazil, Portugal and the Algarves. In 1822, Brazil achieved the independence and created the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state government under the constitutional dominion and a parliamentary system.

The approval of the initial constitution in 1824 led to the structure of a bicameral legislature, now it is called the National Congress. In 1889, the country turned into a presidential republic and following a military coup d’état. In 1964, a dictatorial military junta came to power and ruled until 1985, after then the civilian governance resumed.

The present constitution of Brazil was formulated in 1988, characterized it as a democratic federal republic. The federation is settled of the union of the Federal District with the 26 states and 5,570 municipalities.

Brazil’s economy is the seventh-largest by GDP (PPP) and ninth-largest in the world by nominal GDP. A member of the BRICS group states that until 2010 Brazil had one of the fastest growing major economies in the world with its economic improvements giving the country new global recognition and influence.

The national development bank of Brazil plays an vital role for the country’s economic growth. Brazil is also a founding member of the United Nations, BRICS, Unasul, the G20, Mercosul, Organization of Ibero-American States, Organization of American States, CPLP and the Latin Union. Brazil is a regional power in the Latin America and a middle power in intercontinental affairs, an emerging global power.

One of the major breadbaskets in the world, Brazil is the largest producing country of coffee for the last 150 years.

Brazil Location Map | Where Is Brazil Located

The largest country of South America, Brazil located in the eastern side of South America in the Western Hemisphere and bordered by nine countries and one French Guiana (French Overseas territory), Guiana, Venezuela, and Suriname in the North, Paraguay and Argentina in the Southwest, Colombia in the Northwest, Peru and Bolivia in the West and Uruguay in the South.

Ecuador and Chile are the only two South American countries those are not sharing any boundary with Brazil. It has coastal boundary with the Atlantic Ocean in its east. Brasilia is the capital city and Sao Paulo is the largest city of the country. The latitude of Brazil is 15.7833° S and the longitude is 47.8667° W. The country code of Brazil is +55 and the country domain is .br.

List of States in Brazil

There are 26 states of Brazil which are the federal states of Brazil and the Federal District which includes the capital city, Brasília. Amazonas is the largest state of Brazil and Sergipe is the smallest state of Brazil has a total area of 8,515,767 km2 that ranked 5th in the world.

  • list states in Brazil given below:
    1. Amazonas
    2. Pará
    3. Mato Grosso
    4. Minas Gerais
    5. Bahia
    6. Mato Grosso do Sul
    7. Goiás
    8. Maranhão
    9. Rio Grande do Sul
    10. Tocantins
    11. Piauí
    12. São Paulo
    13. Rondônia
    14. Roraima
    15. Paraná
    16. Acre
    17. Ceará
    18. Amapá
    19. Pernambuco
    20. Santa Catarina
    21. Paraíba
    22. Rio Grande do Norte
    23. Espírito Santo
    24. Rio de Janeiro
    25. Alagoas
    26. Sergipe
    27. Distrito Federal

Largest City in Brazil

São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil has a population of 11,895,893 people, according to the census of 2015. The beautiful city of Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil with a population of 6,453,682 people and the third largest city in Brazil is Salvador with a population of 2,902,927 people.

Top 10 Cities in Brazil

Brazil has an advanced of urbanization, about 82% Brazilians live in cities. The criteria used by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in formative whether households are urban or rural, is only based on political divisions, not on the built environment. We have listed top 10 cities in Brazil based on the population and living standard of the country. The top 10 cities in Brazil are:

Overall Rank City State Population
1 São Paulo  São Paulo 11,895,893
2 Rio de Janeiro  Rio de Janeiro 6,453,682
3 Salvador  Bahia 2,902,927
4 Brasília Distrito Federal 2,852,372
5 Fortaleza Ceará 2,571,896
6 Belo Horizonte  Minas Gerais 2,491,109
7 Manaus Amazonas 2,020,301
8 Curitiba Paraná 1,864,416
9 Recife Pernambuco 1,608,488
10 Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul 1,472,482

Most Populated City in Brazil

São Paulo is the most populated city in Brazil has a total population of 11,895,893peoples and the total area is 1,221 km2. It is located in the southeast region of Brazil. The city is the 12th largest city in the world proper by population. It is the capital of São Paulo, Brazil’s most populous and wealthiest state. It wields strong international power in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment. São Paulo is the most populated city in Brazil and is the hub of Brazilian culture, finance, and government.

Main Cities in Brazil

In the term of main cities in Brazil, six of them have played major roles in Brazil are: Brasília, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador and Alegre. Many of the state capitals are the main cities in their individual states. Brazil has an advanced of urbanization, about 82% Brazilians live in cities.

Most Developed City in Brazil

São Paulo is the most developed city in Brazil. It wields strong international power in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment. São Paulo is the most developed city in Brazil and is the hub of Brazilian culture, finance, and government.

History of Brazil

The history of Brazil begins with indigenous populace in Brazil. Europeans arrived in Brazil at the beginning of the sixteenth century. On April 22, the first European to colonize Brazil was Pedro Álvares Cabral 1500 under the sponsorship of the Kingdom of Portugal. From the sixteenth to the early nineteenth century, Brazil was a colony and a part of the Portuguese Empire. The country extended south alongside the coast and west alongside the Amazon and other inland rivers from the original 15 donatary captaincy colonies recognized on the northeast Atlantic coast east of the Tordesillas Line of 1494 that separated the Portuguese domain to the east from the Spanish domain to the west. The country’s borders were only finalized in the early twentieth century.

On September 7, 1822, Brazil has been declared its independence from Portugal and became Empire of Brazil. A military coup in 1889 established the First Brazilian Republic. Brazil has seen a dictatorship during Vargas Era on 1930 to 934 and 1937 to 1945 and a stage of military rule on 1964 to 1985 under Brazilian military government.

Brazil Weather

Brazil weather largely varies considerably mostly from tropical north to temperate areas south of the Tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures below the equator are high, averaging over 25 °C, but not reaches the summer extremes of up to 40 °C in the temperate zones.

There is some seasonal deviation near the equator, even though at times it can get cool enough, particularly in the rain. An average temperature under the Capricorn Tguspic is mild, ranging from 13 °C to 22 °C. There are frosts south of the Tropic of Capricorn and during the winter starts from June and ends in September and in sometimes there are snowfalls on the high plateau and mountainous areas.

Mainly snowfalls in the mountains of the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and Santa Catarina and it is also possible but very rare in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. The cities of Brasília and Belo Horizonte have moderate temperatures, usually ranges between 15 and 30 °C, because of their altitude of approximately 1,000 meters or 3,281 ft. Recife, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador on the coast have humid climates, with average temperatures ranging from 23 to 27 °C, but enjoy steady trade winds.

The cities of São Paulo, Florianópolis, Curitib and Porto Alegre have a subtropical weather similar to that of southern USA and temperatures can reduce below freezing in winter.

History of Brazil

The history of Brazil begins with indigenous populace in Brazil. Europeans arrived in Brazil at the beginning of the sixteenth century. On April 22, the first European to colonize Brazil was Pedro Álvares Cabral 1500 under the sponsorship of the Kingdom of Portugal. From the sixteenth to the early nineteenth century, Brazil was a colony and a part of the Portuguese Empire.

The country extended south alongside the coast and west alongside the Amazon and other inland rivers from the original 15 donatary captaincy colonies recognized on the northeast Atlantic coast east of the Tordesillas Line of 1494 that separated the Portuguese domain to the east from the Spanish domain to the west. The country’s borders were only finalized in the early twentieth century.

On September 7, 1822, Brazil has been declared its independence from Portugal and became Empire of Brazil. A military coup in 1889 established the First Brazilian Republic. Brazil has seen a dictatorship during Vargas Era on 1930 to 934 and 1937 to 1945 and a stage of military rule on 1964 to 1985 under Brazilian military government.

Languages of Brazil

Portuguese is the official language of Brazil and it is extensively spoken by most of population. Brazilian Sign Language is also an official language of Brazil. There are some other languages in Brazil including indigenous languages and languages of latest European and Asian immigrants.

Brazilians speaks or signs roughly 210 languages, from which 180 are indigenous. Below forty thousand people in fact speak any one of these indigenous languages in the Brazilian territory.

Languages in Brazil is one of the strongest elements of the national unity of Brazil. Only non-Portuguese speakers are parts of Amerindian groups and pockets of immigrants who preserve their heritage languages.

There isn’t any major dialect variation in Brazil of the Portuguese, only modest regional distinction in accent, vocabulary and use of personal nouns, pronouns and verb conjugations. Differences are diminishing as a result of mass media, particularly national television networks that are watched by the majority of Brazilians.

Brazil Population

The present population of Brazil is 210,325,990 people, the fifth most populous country in the world which equivalent to 2.83% of world’s total population. With comparison of last year’s population, it is an increment of 0.91% that is approx 1,900,499 people.

In this year the natural increase of population of the country is positive that means the number of births is more than the number of deaths. The sex (male/female) ratio of the total population is 0.968 in order to 968 males per 1,000 females that is low than global sex ratio (1.016).

If the numbers of external migration will same on the previous year, the population of Brazil will be increase by 4,177 that means that the amount of people who leave Brazil to stay permanently in different country (emigrants) will exceeds the amount of people who come into the country to facilitate to stay there as permanent residents (immigrants). The population of Brazil will be amplified by 5,207 persons daily in 2016.

The daily change rates for population of Brazil on are:

  • 8,657 births average per day (360.71 in a hour)
  • 3,462 deaths average per day (144.24 in a hour)
  • 11 immigrants average per day (0.48 in a hour)