Indian Ocean | list of countries bordering by indian ocean

Indian Ocean | list of countries bordering by indian ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest among all other oceans has a total area of 70,560,000 km² which is almost 20% of total water bodies in the earth. It has the third longest coastline is about 66,526 kilometers. It has been home to a rich diversity of human kind right through the world history. It is bordered by the shores of Middle East, eastern coast of Africa and India in the north.

It is divided from the Pacific Ocean by south East Asia and Australia. The Indian Ocean is also rich in exotic plan and animal species. The diverse neighboring countries mostly exploit the beach sands that surround a rich amount of heavy minerals. The Mumbai port is the principal trading port of India on the coast in the Indian Ocean which is also known to be the Gateway of India.

The Indian Ocean gives most important ocean routes associating the Africa, Middle East and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. It conveys an especially overwhelming movement of petroleum and petroleum items from the oil fields of the Persian Gulf and Indonesia.

Substantial stores of hydrocarbons are being tapped in the seaward regions of Saudi Arabia, Iran, India, and Western Australia. An expected 40% of the seaward oil production in the world originates from the Indian Ocean. Shoreline sands rich in substantial minerals and seaward placer stores are effectively misused by circumscribing nations, especially India, Pakistan, South Africa, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

The weather of north of the equator is influenced by a rainstorm atmosphere. Solid northeast wind blows from October to April and from May to October south and west winds blows. In the Arabian Sea the fierce Monsoon conveys rain to the Indian subcontinent. In the southern half of the globe, the winds are for the most part milder, however summer storms close Mauritius. At the point when the storm winds change, violent winds at times strike the shores of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.

The Indian Ocean is the warmest ocean in the world. Long-term ocean temperature records show a rapid, continuous warming in the Indian Ocean, at about 0.7–1.2 °C (1.3–2.2 °F) during 1901–2012.[6] Indian Ocean warming is the largest among the tropical oceans, and about 3 times faster than the warming observed in the Pacific. Research indicates that human induced greenhouse warming, and changes in the frequency and magnitude of El Niño events are a trigger to this strong warming in the Indian Ocean.

The Indian Ocean is the hottest sea on the planet. Long haul temperature records demonstrate a quick, consistent warming in the Indian Ocean, at around 0.7 to 1.2 °C amid 1901–2012. Indian Ocean warming is the biggest among the tropical seas, and around 3 times speedier than the warming saw in the Pacific. Explore shows that human initiated greenhouse warming, and changes in the recurrence and greatness of El Niño occasions are a trigger to this solid warming in the Indian Ocean.

Tiny islands speck the continental edges. Island countries inside the sea are Madagascar which is the fourth biggest island in the world, Bahrain, Comoros, Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles and Sri Lanka. The archipelago of Indonesia and the island country of East Timor fringe the ocean on the east. Heading generally clockwise, the states and regions with a shoreline on the Indian Ocean are:

Africa

  1. South Africa
  2. Mozambique
  3. Madagascar
  4. French Southern and Antarctic Lands (FRA)
  5. France (Mayotte and Réunion)
  6. Mauritius
  7. Comoros
  8. Tanzania
  9. Seychelles
  10. Kenya
  11. Somalia
  12. Somaliland (Claimed by SOM)
  13. Djibouti
  14. Eritrea
  15. Sudan
  16. Egypt

Asia

  1. Egypt
  2. Israel
  3. Jordan
  4. Palestine (Claimed by ISR)
  5. Saudi Arabia
  6. Yemen
  7. Oman
  8. United Arab Emirates
  9. Qatar
  10. Bahrain
  11. Kuwait
  12. Iraq
  13. Iran
  14. Pakistan
  15. India
  16. Maldives
  17. British Indian Ocean Territory (UK)
  18. Sri Lanka
  19. Bangladesh
  20. Burma
  21. Thailand
  22. Malaysia
  23. Singapore
  24. Indonesia
  25. Cocos (Keeling) Islands (AUS)
  26. Timor-Leste

Australasia

  1. Ashmore and Cartier Islands (AUS)
  2. Indonesia
  3. Australia

Southern Indian Ocean

  1. Heard Island and McDonald Islands (AUS)
  2. French Southern and Antarctic Lands (FRA)
  3. Prince Edward Islands (RSA)

 

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