Russia

Russia is officially known as the Russian Federation, is a federal state in Eurasia. The area of the country is 17,075,200 km2 (6,592,800 mi2) which is the largest country in the world by surface area, covering over one eighth of world’s inhabited land area. The current population of Russia is over 146.6 million people which is the ninth most populous country in the world.

The European western part of the Russia is much more populated and developed than the East part. Almost 77% of the total population of Russia lives in European Russia. Moscow is the capital of Russia, is one of the largest cities in the world. Other major urban centers in Russia include Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara.

Extending across the Northern Asia and Eastern Europe, Russia extents eleven times zones and incorporate an extensive range of environments and landforms. Russia shares land borders from northwest to southeast with Norway, Finland, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Mongolia, China and North Korea. The country shares maritime borders by the Sea of Okhotsk and the American state of Alaska across the Bering Strait.

The economy of Russia positioned as the twelfth largest in the world by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity. The extensive mineral and energy resources in Russia are world’s largest such reserves and making it one of the primary producers of oil and natural gas internationally. Russia is recognized one of the five nuclear weapons states and possesses the leading stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. The country is a great power with a regional power and has been characterized as a potential superpower.

It is the permanent member of the United Nations Security Council with a member of the G20, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Council of Europe, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) and being the most important member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

Russia Location Map | Where Is Russia Located

Russia is located in the northern part of Eurasia. Russia is the largest country of the world covers a total area of 17,098,242 sq. km. and shares its land boundary with fourteen neighboring countries.

China, Mongolia, North Korea, Kazakhstan in the south, Georgia, Azerbaijan in the southwest, Norway, Finland, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia in the northwest and Poland, Belarus and Ukraine in the west.

It is bounded by Barents Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea and East Siberian Sea in the north. Russia has 37,653 km long coastline. The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of Russia is 41° and 82°N and 19°E and 169°W respectively.

 

Largest City in Russia

Moscow is the largest city in Russia. It is the capital and most populous city of the Russian Federation, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area. Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city.

Top 10 Cities in Russia

Russia is the tenth most populated country in the world with a population of 127,110,047 people. The area of Russia is consists of by over 6,000 different islands in the Pacific Ocean. Although this country is made up of so many islands, but only 430 of these islands are inhabited. We have listed top 10 cities in Russia based on the population and living standard of the country. The top 10 cities in Russia are:

Name Population Latitude/Longitude
Moscow 10,381,222 55.752 / 37.616
Saint Petersburg 5,028,000 59.939 / 30.314
Novosibirsk 1,419,007 55.041 / 82.935
Yekaterinburg 1,349,772 56.852 / 60.612
Nizhny Novgorod 1,284,164 56.329 / 44.002
Samara 1,134,730 53.2 / 50.15
Omsk 1,129,281 54.992 / 73.369
Kazan 1,104,738 55.789 / 49.122
Rostov-on-Don 1,074,482 47.231 / 39.723
Chelyabinsk 1,062,919 55.154 / 61.429

Most Populated City in Russia

Moscow is the most populated city in Russia. It is the capital and most populous city of the Russian Federation, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area. Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city. It is also a major shipping hub and a world economic and industrial center.

Main Cities in Russia

Russia is the tenth most populated country in the world with a population of 127,110,047 people. The area of Russia is consists of by over 6,000 different islands in the Pacific Ocean. Although this country is made up of so many islands, but only 430 of these islands are inhabited. Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Rostov-on-Don, Chelyabinsk are main cities in Russia based on the population and living standard of the country.

Most Developed City in Russia

Moscow is the most developed city in Russia followed by Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Rostov-on-Don and Chelyabinsk. It is the capital and most populous city of the Russian Federation, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area. Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city. It is also a major shipping hub and a world economic and industrial center.

Population of Russia

The present population of Russia is 146,544,710 people, the tenth most populous country in the world which equivalent to 1.95% of world’s total population. With comparison of last year’s population, it is an increment of 0.04% that is approx 59,971 people.

In this year the natural increase of population of the country is negative that means the number of births is less than the number of deaths. The sex (male/female) ratio of the total population is 0.863 in order to 863 males per 1,000 females that is low than global sex ratio (1.016).

If the numbers of external migration will same on the previous year, the population of Russia will be increase by 228,275 that means that the amount of people who leave Russia to stay permanently in different country (emigrants) will exceeds the amount of people who come into the country to facilitate to stay there as permanent residents (immigrants). The population of Russia will be amplified by 164 persons daily in 2017.

The daily change rates for population of Russia on are:

  • 5,095 births average per day (212.31 in a hour)
  • 5,557 deaths average per day (231.52 in a hour)
  • 625 immigrants average per day (26.06 in a hour)

Weather of Russia

The weather of Russia is formed under the influence of some determining factors. The vast size of the country and the remoteness of a lot of areas from the sea result in the domination of the continental weather, which is widespread in European and Asian Russia apart from for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Mountains in the south hampering the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean and the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.

Due to the moderating persuade of the Atlantic or Pacific, most regions of the country in European Russia, in the south of West Siberia and in the south of the Russian Far East, including the cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg, experience a humid continental climate.

The greater part of Northern European Russia and Siberia between the Scandinavian Peninsula and the Pacific Ocean has a subarctic atmosphere, with to a great degree serious winters in the inward locales of Northeast Siberia (for the most part the Sakha Republic, where the Northern Pole of Cold is situated with the record low temperature of −69 °C or −92.2 °F), and more direct somewhere else.

The segment of land along the shore of the Arctic Ocean, and also the Arctic islands, have a polar atmosphere (outrageous polar atmosphere (EF) on a portion of the islands and tundra atmosphere (ET) somewhere else). A little part of the Black Sea drift, most eminently in Sochi, has a muggy subtropical atmosphere (Köppen’s Cfa) with bizarrely wet winters.

Winter is dry contrasted with summer in numerous locales of East Siberia and the Far East (Dwa, Dwb, Dwc, Dwd sorts), while different parts of the nation encounter all the more even precipitation crosswise over seasons. Winter precipitation in many parts of the nation normally falls as snow. The locale along the Lower Volga and Caspian Sea drift, and also a few ranges of southernmost Siberia, have a semi-parched atmosphere (BSk).

The city of Kaliningrad has an Oceanic atmosphere (Cfb) because of its generally mellow (avg. above – 3C) winters and cool summers. About 65% of the Russian territory is underlined by permafrost.

History of Russia

The History of Russia starts with that of the Eastern Slavs and the Finno-Ugric people groups. The customary start of Russian history is 862 A.D. Kievan Rus’, the initially joined East Slavic state, was established in 882.

The state received Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988, start with the blend of Byzantine and Slavic societies that characterized Russian culture for the following thousand years. Kievan Rus’ at last broken down as a state on account of the Mongol intrusion of Rus’ in 1237–1240 and the demise of about a large portion of the number of inhabitants in Rus’.

After the thirteenth century, Moscow turned into a social focus. By the eighteenth century, the Tsardom of Russia had turned into the tremendous Russian Empire, extending from the Polish outskirt eastbound to the Pacific Ocean. Development in the western bearing honed Russia’s attention to its partition from a significant part of whatever remains of Europe and smashed the disengagement in which the underlying phases of extension had happened.

Progressive administrations of the nineteenth century reacted to such weights with a mix of indifferent change and suppression. Worker rebellions were normal, and all were savagely smothered. Russian serfdom was nullified in 1861, however the laborer fared inadequately and regularly swung to progressive weights. In taking after decades changes endeavors, for example, the Stolypin changes, the constitution of 1906, and State Duma endeavored to open and change the economy and political framework, however the tsars declined to surrender imperious manage or share their energy.

The Russian Revolution in 1917 was activated by a mix of monetary breakdown, war-exhaustion, and discontent with the despotic arrangement of government, and it first brought a coalition of liberals and direct communists to control, however their fizzled strategies prompted to seizure of force by the Communist Bolsheviks on 25 October. Somewhere around 1922 and 1991, the historical backdrop of Russia is basically the historical backdrop of the Soviet Union, successfully an ideologically based state which was generally coextensive with the Russian Empire before the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

The way to deal with the working of communism, be that as it may, shifted over various periods in Soviet history, from the blended economy and assorted society and culture of the 1920s to the summon economy and constraints of the Joseph Stalin time to the “time of stagnation” in the 1980s. From its first years, government in the Soviet Union depended on the one-party manages of the Communists, as the Bolsheviks called themselves, starting in March 1918.

By the mid-1980s, with the shortcomings of its monetary and political structures getting to be distinctly intense, Mikhail Gorbachev set out on significant changes, which prompted to the topple of the Communist party and the separation of the USSR, leaving Russia again all alone and denoting the begin of the History of post-Soviet Russia. The Russian Federation started in January 1992 as the lawful successor to the USSR.

Russia held its atomic arms stockpile yet lost its superpower status. Rejecting the communist focal arranging and state responsibility for of the communist time, new pioneers, drove by President Vladimir Putin, took political and monetary power after 2000 and occupied with a lively outside strategy. Russia’s treatment of Ukraine prompted to serious financial assents forced by the United States and the European Union.

List of Russia Banks

Banking in Russia is subject to significant regulations as Russian banks have to meet mandatory Russian legislation necessities, and obey with numerous Bank of Russia instructions and regulations. Russia inherited the modern banking system from the Soviet Union, with a few big state banks. After 15 years of reforms in Russia, there are presently 1183 financial institutions with 3286 regional branches.

The top list of Banks in Russia has given below:

  • Sberbank (15.8)
  • VTB (5.2)
  • Gazprombank (3.5)
  • VTB-24 (2)
  • Rosselkhozbank (1.8)
  • Bank of Moscow (1.8)
  • Alfa Bank (1.4)
  • Nomos Bank (0.8)
  • Unicredit (0.8)
  • Rosbank (0.7)
  • Promsvyazbank (0.7)
  • Raiffeisenbank (0.7)

Languages of Russia

There are 35 different languages in Russia which are considered as official languages in various regions of Russia, along with Russian. Russian is the only official language of Russia at national level. There are more than 100 minority languages spoken in Russia today. Although Russian is the only official language of Russia, there are several other officially recognized languages within Russia’s various constituencies. This is a list of the languages that are recognized as official (state) in constitutions of the republics of Russia:

Languages with 1,000,000 or more speakers

  • English (7,574,302)
  • Tatar (6,500,000)
  • German (2,069,949)
  • Chuvash (1,640,000)
  • Bashkir (1,450,000)
  • Chechen (1,340,000)
  • Ukrainian (1,300,000)

Languages with 100,000 or more speakers

  • Armenian (904,000)
  • German (896,000)
  • Avar (784,000)
  • Azerbaijani (669,000)
  • Mordovian languages
  • Kabardian 587,000)
  • Dargwa (503,000)
  • Ossetic (493,000)
  • Udmurt (463,000)
  • Kumyk (458,000)
  • Eastern Mari (451,000)
  • Ingush (405,000)
  • Lezgian (397,000)
  • Belarusian (316,000)
  • Karachay-Balkar (302,000)
  • Georgian (286,000)
  • Komi-Zyrian (217,000)
  • Turkish (161,000)
  • Kalmyk (153,000)
  • Lak (153,000)
  • Romanian (147,000)
  • Adyghe (129,000)
  • Tabassaran (128,000)

Languages with 10,000 or more speakers

  • Komi-Permyak (94,000)
  • Polish (94,000)
  • Nogai (90,000)
  • Karelian (52,000)
  • Finnish (51,000)
  • Lithuanian (49,000)
  • Abaza (38,000)
  • Western Mari (36,000)
  • Latvian (34,000)
  • Kurmanji (30,000)
  • Yiddish (30,000)
  • Rutul (29,000)
  • Aghul (29,000)
  • Estonian (26,000)
  • Andi (23,000)
  • Baltic Romany (20,000)
  • Tsez (15,000)
  • Bezhta (10,000)
  • Vlax Romany (10,000)
  • Livvi

Languages with 1,000 or more speakers

  • Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (7,700)
  • Khwarshi (3,000)
  • Serbian
  • Veps
  • Tindi
  • Karata
  • Ludian
  • Hunzib
  • Bagvalal
  • Botlikh
  • Tsakhur
  • Akhvakh
  • Ghodoberi
  • Archi
  • Chamalal
  • Judeo-Tat