South America continent | south america map | list of countries in south america

South America continent | south america map | list of countries in south america

South America is the world’s fourth largest and fifth most populated continent has a total 12 independent South American countries and 3 dependent countries at this moment. Brazil is the largest country in the South America, surrounding about half of the continent’s population and land area. Suriname is the smallest country of this continent. São Paulo is the largest city of South America followed by Lima, Bogotá, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, Caracas, Buenos Aires, Salvador, Brasília and Fortaleza.

Map of South America

Map of South America represents all South American countries, borders of each South American countries and capitals along with the physical features like most important mountain ranges, rivers and lakes. It is located in the western hemisphere along with most of its land area situated in the southern hemisphere and a comparatively small part in the northern hemisphere. The South American map also shows the Atlantic Ocean to the north and eastern side, Pacific Ocean to its western side, and North America and Caribbean Sea to the North West side.

List of Countries in South America

Before we discuss about the South America, we should know some basic things first. We have represented a table below which contains all the necessary basics of this continent. The widely recognized 12 independent 3 dependent countries in North America are listed by alphabetically with their current and estimated gross domestic product data collected from the Statistics Times.

Name of Country GDP (Nominal) (billions of $) GDP (PPP) (billions of Int. $)
2013 2014 change 2013 2014 change
Brazil 2,391.03 2,353.03 -38.004 3,212.29 3,263.83 51.543
Argentina 622.054 540.164 -81.89 929.594 947.573 17.979
Colombia 378.415 384.901 6.486 603.453 640.122 36.669
Chile 276.586 257.968 -18.618 396.173 409.329 13.156
Venezuela 218.433 205.787 -12.646 553.311 538.922 -14.389
Peru 202.394 202.948 0.554 357.603 371.344 13.741
Ecuador 94.473 100.755 6.282 171.382 180.216 8.834
Uruguay 55.708 55.143 -0.565 66.758 69.978 3.22
Bolivia 30.824 34.425 3.601 65.424 69.962 4.538
Paraguay 28.334 29.704 1.37 55.048 58.301 3.253
Suriname 5.038 5.297 0.259 8.801 9.188 0.387
Guyana 2.982 2.997 0.015 5.234 5.514 0.28
South America 4,306.27 4,173.11 -133.156 6,425.07 6,564.28 139.211

 

South America is the fourth largest continent in the world has a total area of 17,840,000 km² which is almost 12% of total landmass of the world. It is also the fourth most populated continent in the world has a total population of 418 million people which is almost 6% of total population of the world. There are total 12 independent countries and 3 dependent territories in this continent which are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems.

This continent has a large diversity of cultures, ethnicities and languages. The majority of the population lives near the continent’s eastern or western coasts while the interior and the far south are lightly populated. Andes Mountains has dominated the geography of western South America; the eastern part surrounds both highland areas and large lowlands where rivers such as the Amazon, Paraná and Orinoco flow.

Geography

South America occupies the southern part of the Americas. South America is located in the western hemisphere along with most of its land area situated in the southern hemisphere and a comparatively small part in the northern hemisphere. It has Atlantic Ocean to the north and eastern side, Pacific Ocean to its western side, and North America and Caribbean Sea to the North West side.

Genetic studies

Genetic admixture occurs at excessive levels in the South America. In Argentina the European manipulates accounts for 65%–80% of the genetic background, 15%–30% of the Amerindian and 2%–5% of sub-Saharan African. The European genetic background varied in Colombia from 45%–80% depending on the region. European ancestries ranged in Peru from 1%–31%, at the same time as the African contribution was only 1%–3%. The Genographic Project resolute the average Peruvian from Lima had approx 28% of European lineage, 68% of native American and 2% of sub-Saharan Africa.

Ethnic groups

Young of indigenous peoples, for instance the Quechua and Aymara, or the Urarina of Amazonia composition the majority of the population in Bolivia around 56% and per some sources in Peru is about 44%. Amerindians are a large minority in Ecuador that comprises 40% of the population. The native European population is also a major element in most other ex-Portuguese colonies.

South America is also the home of largest populations of Africans. This populace is also extensively present in Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, and Ecuador. Mixed European and Amerindian or Mestizos are one of the major ethnic groups in Paraguay, Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador and the second foremost in Peru. East Indians form the leading ethnic group in Guyana and Suriname. Brazil and Peru also have the prevalent Japanese, Korean and Chinese communities in South America.

Economy

South America less believed on the export of natural resources and manufactured goods than the world average; goods exports from South America were 16% of GDP on an exchange rate basis, evaluated to 25% for the world as a total. Brazil is the world’s seventh largest economy and the leading in South America in terms of merchandise exports at US$251 billion, followed by Venezuela at US$93 billion, Chile at US$86 billion, and Argentina at US$84 billion.

The economic distance between the rich and poor is larger in most South American nations than in most other continents. The richest 10% of the continent receive over 40% of the income in Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, and Paraguay, at the same time as the poorest 20% receive 3% or less in Brazil, Bolivia, and Colombia. This large gap can be seen in many big South American cities where temporary shacks and slums lie in the locality of skyscrapers and upper class sumptuousness apartments; almost one in nine in South Americans live on less than $2 per day.

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