The Southern Ocean is called the Antarctic Ocean, it is also known as the Austral Ocean, encompasses the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, normally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and surrounding Antarctica. The Antarctic Ocean is the fourth largest among all other oceans has a total area of 15,558,000km² which is more than 6% of total water bodies in the earth. It has the longest coastline is about 17,968 kilometers.
It is the southern ocean and it is located in front of to the South Pole. It has a great influence on the planet’s weather patterns. It joins the waters of Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean with a persistent easterly current. Geologically it is considered to be the youngest of all oceans. There is a wide diversity of marine natures that exist and rely on the phytoplankton in the Antarctic Ocean. It is also consists giant oil and gas fields and valuable minerals. South Africa, Chile and Australia are bordering the Southern Ocean.
Environmental change is the greatest long-haul risk to the area. A few sections of Antarctica are encountering critical ice retreat, including the crumple of ice shelves with the Antarctic Peninsula, at the same time as different ranges are expanding. If our weather keeps on warming and ferment the Southern sea, researchers anticipate that krill populaces could be crushed, undermining the complete food chain.
The quantity of tourists going by Antarctica has expanded throughout the years and this has prompted to the presentation of outsider species in nature, intruding with vegetation and exasperating of the untamed life in the territory. In the event that this proceeds with, it might undermine the tranquil and common habitat of Antarctica and its sea. Bio-prospecting can likewise impact nature antagonistically and undermine a portion of the animal categories. By keeping a power on tourism, angling, mining and bio-prospecting, you can prevent some potential harm to Antarctic Ocean and keep it and the encompassing seas in place and safe from exhaustion. Mindfulness about the sea and the sea life must be made among the general population. By taking the right measures and making individuals mindful about the significance of sea and the marine life in it, you can save this sea for the future era and improve the world a place to live in.
There are numerous well evolved creatures in the Antarctic Ocean. For the most part it is the Pinnipeds species, regularly known as seals. Besides, the biggest is the elephant seal that can be up to 4000 kilogram in weight. The sizes are enormous. The littlest seal is the Antarctic hide seal which again weighs 150 kg. The seals for the most part live on ocean ice with the exception of the species said about that ice in the north of the ice. Ross seals and panther seals are free animals, while others remain in a gathering. The whales are alternate class of well evolved creatures that are found here. There are 10 cetacean species, six baleen species and four toothed whales display in the Southern Oceans. The biggest of them is unquestionably the blue whale that weighs up to 84 kg. A large number of them are transient and go to the tropical areas to escape from the Antarctic winters.