Asia continent | asia map | List of countries in asia

Asia continent | asia map | List of countries in asia

Asia is the world’s largest and most populated continent has a total 50 independent countries at this moment. Russia is the largest country and Maldives is the smallest country of this continent. China, India, Thailand, Malaysia and Turkey are the most visited countries in Asia. Shanghai, China is the largest city of Asia. China, Japan, India, South Korea and Indonesia are the largest economies in Asia.

Map of Asia

The Asia map shows big parts of this continent except of some countries in the Middle East and Western Asia. The map of Asia represents about one-third landmass of the earth and is lying completely north of the equator excluding some Southeast Asian islands.

The map of Asia also shows the connection to Africa by the Isthmus of Suez and borders of Europe along the Ural Mountains and across the Caspian Sea.

List of Countries in Asia

Before we discuss about the Asia, we should know some basic things first. We have represented a table below which contains all the necessary basics of this continent. The widely recognized 50 countries in Asia are listed by alphabetically with their current and estimated gross domestic product data collected from the International Monetary Fund for 2016.

Name of the Country GDP nominal
(millions of USD)
(millions of USD)
GDP nominal
Per capita (USD)
Per capita (USD)
 Afghanistan 17,275 64,198 528 1,961 South Asia
 Armenia 10,774 26,053 3,602 8,712 West Asia
 Azerbaijan 35,141 165,988 3,701 17,486 West Asia
 Bahrain 30,079 66,851 22,798 50,667 West Asia
 Bangladesh 202,333 576,986 1,265 3,609 South Asia
 Bhutan 2,209 6,384 2,836 8,196 South Asia
 Brunei 11,634 32,986 27,759 78,475 Southeast Asia
 Myanmar 65,775 267,736 1,268 5,164 Southeast Asia
 Cambodia 17,714 54,174 1,139 3,485 Southeast Asia
 China (PRC) 11,384,763 19,509,983 8,280 14,189 East Asia
 India 2,182,577 8,027,031 1,688 6,209 South Asia
 Indonesia 936,955 3,010,746 3,620 11,633 Southeast Asia
 Iran 396,915 1,381,672 5,047 17,571 West Asia
 Iraq 165,057 531,393 4,694 15,112 West Asia
 Israel 298,866 281,757 35,702 33,658 West Asia
 Japan 4,116,242 4,842,395 32,480 38,210 East Asia
 Jordan 38,210 82,991 5,599 12,162 West Asia
 Kazakhstan 195,005 430,496 11,028 24,345 Central Asia
 North Korea N/A N/A N/A N/A East Asia
 South Korea 1,392,952 1,849,398 27,512 36,528 East Asia
 Kuwait 123,228 288,763 29,982 70,258 West Asia
 Kyrgyzstan 7,158 19,805 1,197 3,314 Central Asia
 Laos 12,548 37,499 1,785 5,334 Southeast Asia
 Lebanon 54,395 83,862 11,945 17,986 West Asia
 Malaysia 313,479 813,517 10,073 26,141 Southeast Asia
 Maldives 3,031 4,732 8,713 13,604 South Asia
 Mongolia 12,409 36,429 4,179 12,268 East Asia
  Nepal 21,356 70,076 751 2,464 South Asia
 Oman 60,179 171,745 15,672 44,727 West Asia
 Pakistan 270,961 930,759 1,427 4,902 South Asia
 Philippines 299,314 742,251 2,951 7,318 Southeast Asia
 Qatar 192,077 324,167 78,829 133,039 West Asia
 Saudi Arabia 632,073 1,681,176 20,138 53,564 West Asia
 Singapore 293,959 468,909 53,224 84,900 Southeast Asia
 Sri Lanka 79,524 234,708 3,767 111,192 South Asia
 Syria N/A N/A N/A N/A West Asia
 Taiwan 518,816 1,113,792 22,082 47,407 East Asia
 Tajikistan 8,045 23,301 949 2,748 Central Asia
 Thailand 373,536 1,107,000 5,426 16,081 Southeast Asia
 Timor-Leste 2.1 6.051 1,768 5,097 Southeast Asia
 Turkmenistan 44,362 90,293 7,534 15,334 Central Asia
 United Arab Emirates 339,085 641,880 35,392 66,996 West Asia
 Uzbekistan 65,953 185,820 2,129 5,999 Central Asia
 Vietnam 198,805 551,256 2,170 6,019 Southeast Asia
 Yemen 34,929 75,519 1,437 2,670 West Asia


Asia is located in the northern and eastern hemispheres of the globe. There are total 50 countries in Asia. Asian countries are known for its enormous diversity in terms of economics, environments, culture, historical background, ethnic groups and also the government systems. It is the largest continent in the world has a total area of 43,820,000 km² which is almost 30% of total landmass of the world.

The present population of Asia is 4.3 billion people which are almost 60% of total population of the world and it is also the most populated continent in the world. The large amount of population makes an important role in the world economy.

The boundary of this continent is not very clearly defined because there is not any clear geographical separation in between Asia and Europe. The mixture of this two continents form a large landmass is also known as Eurasia. The Pacific Ocean is on the east of Asia, Indian Ocean to the south and Arctic Ocean to the north.

Most of the Asian countries were the origin of most mainstream religions of the world including Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Confucianism, Sikhism, Zoroastranism, Taoism, Jainism as well as many other religions.

China and India exchanged in being the world’s largest economies from 1 to 1800 A.D. China was a most important economic power and influenced many to the east, and for many the renowned wealth and prosperity of the oldest culture of India embodied Asia, drawing European trade, exploration and expansionism.

The fortuitous discovery of America by Columbus in exploration for India exhibits this deep fascination. The Silk Road turned into the major East-West trading route in the Asian hither land whereas the Straits of Malacca remained as a major sea route.

Asia has demonstrated economic dynamism especially East Asia with robust population escalation during the twentieth century, however entire population expansion has since fallen.

Asia – Africa boundary

The border line between Asia and Africa is the Gulf of Suez, the Red Sea and the Suez Canal. For this reason, Egypt is a transcontinental nation, with the Sinai Peninsula in Asia and the rest of the nation in Africa.

Asia – Europe boundary

The boundary between Asia and Europe was historically characterized by European academics. The Don River turned into disappointing to northern Europeans when Peter the Great, emperor of the Tsardom of Russia, defeating enemy claims of Sweden and the Ottoman toward the eastern terrains, and armed confrontation by the tribes of Siberia, blended another Russian Empire reaching out to the Ural Mountains, established in 1721.

The main geographical scholar of the empire was in fact a former Swedish wartime captive, had taken at the Battle of Poltava in 1709 and relegated to Tobolsk, where he connected with Peter’s Siberian authority, Vasily Tatishchev, and was permitted freedom to lead anthropological and geographical reviews in readiness for a future book.

In 1730, five years later after Peter’s demise, Philip Johan von Strahlenberg shows new maps offering the Urals as the margin of Asia. The Russians were passionate about the conception, which permitted them to keep their European distinctiveness in geography.

Tatishchev declared that he had proposed the design to von Strahlenberg. Later on he had proposed the Emba River as the lower border. The border in between the Caspian and the Black Sea is generally placed beside the crest of the Caucasus Mountains and it is sometimes placed further north.

Asia – Oceania boundary

The boundary between Asia and the Oceania is generally placed wherever in the Malay Archipelago. In the nineteenth century, Southeast Asia and Oceania was developed have had a few incomprehensibly distinctive geographic implications since their inception.

The main factor in figuring out which islands of the Malay Archipelago are Asian has been the area of the area possessions of the different empires there. Lewis and Wigen declare, “The narrowing of ‘Southeast Asia’ to its present limits was thus a continuous process.

Geography and climate

Asia is the biggest continent on the planet which covers 8.8% of the total surface area of the earth or 30% of its land area and has the longest shoreline at 62,800 kilometers. It is normally defined as embracing the eastern four-fifths of Eurasia. Asia is surrounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the north by the Arctic Ocean and on the south by the Indian Ocean.

Asia has tremendously various weather and geographic features. Climates vary from arctic and subarctic in Siberia to humid in southern India and Southeast Asia. It is soggy across southeast parts and dry across greatly of the interior.

Some of the highest daily temperature varies on Earth happen in western sections of Asia. The monsoon flow dominates across eastern and southern sections, because of the presence of the Himalayas influencing the formation of a low temperature which causes in moisture during the summer.

Southwestern parts of the continent are warm. In the Northern Hemisphere Siberia is one of the coldest places and can active as a source of freezing air masses for North America. The Himalayas between China and Nepal is the world’s highest mountain range.


Asia has the second largest continent based on nominal GDP after Europe and the largest in purchasing power parity. China, Japan, India, South Korea and Indonesia are the largest economies in Asia. According to the international Office Locations, Asia subjugated the office locations among 4 of top 5 being in Asia, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Seoul, Singapore and Shanghai. Around 68% of global firms have office in Hong Kong.

From 1990 to 2000, the economies of the India and China have been mounting rapidly, both with an average yearly growth rate of over 8 percent. Israel, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Indonesia, Thailand, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Cyprus and the Philippines are most recent very-high-growth countries in Asia, and mineral-rich countries for example Kazakhstan, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Iran, Brunei, Turkmenistan, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Oman.

It is projected that India will pass Japan by nominal GDP within 2020. By 2030, China will have the biggest economy in the world. A number of trade blocs subsist, with the most developed being the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Rank Country GDP (PPP, 2016)
millions of USD
  Rank Country GDP (nominal, 2016)
millions of USD
1  China 20,853,331 1  China 11,383,030
2  India 8,642,758 2  Japan 4,412,600
3  Japan 4,901,102 3  India 2,288,720
4  Russia 3,684,643 4  South Korea 1,321,200
5  Indonesia 3,010,746 5  Russia 1,132,740
6  South Korea 1,848,518 6  Indonesia 936,955
7  Saudi Arabia 1,720,027 7  Turkey 751,186
8  Turkey 1,665,332 8  Saudi Arabia 618,274
9  Iran 1,439,295 9  Taiwan 508,849
10  Thailand 1,108,111 10  Thailand 409,724



East Asia is the strongest overall Human Development Index with comparison of any region in the world, about doubling average Human Development Index accomplishment over the past fourty years, as indicated by the report’s analysis of education, health and pay information.

China is the world’s second most astounding achiever in terms of Human Development Index enhancement since 1970, is the only nation on the “Top 10 Movers” list caused by income instead of education or health accomplishments.

Nepal, a South Asian nation, rises as one of the speediest movers in the world since 1970 predominantly because of health and education achievements. Over four of each five offspring of school age in Nepal now going to primary school, contrasted with only one in every five 40 years prior.

Japan (11) and South Korea (12) positioned top among the countries grouped on the Human Development Index in the “very high human development” category, afterward Hong Kong (21) and Singapore (27). Afghanistan (155) is the lowest amongst all Asian nation.


Asia has various diverse dialects in various parts of the mainland. A large portion of these nations have more than a solitary local dialect. It has been found that there are more than 600 dialects in Indonesia, over 800 in India, and over 100 in the Philippines. China has distinctive vernaculars and dialects in the diverse regions.


Asia was the origin of most mainstream religions of the world including Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Confucianism, Sikhism, Zoroastranism, Taoism, Jainism as well as many other religions. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity originate in the Western Asia.

The Hinduism and the Buddhist philosophy form part of the Indian logic. Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism all started in India. Zen Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism started in East Asia.


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