The languages of China have spoken by China‘s 56 recognized ethnic groups. The main language in China divided into seven major groups which known as Hanyu and its study has considered different academic discipline in China.
Hanyu or the Han language divided into eight primary dialect groups which vary from each other phonetically and morphologically to such a degree which dialects from various areas can often be mutually unintelligible.
China has currently 297 living languages according to Ethnologue. The languages most commonly used to the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family, which includes Mandarin that has been using by 70% of the populace and other Chinese assortments: Wu (with Shanghainese), Min (with Hoochew, Hokkien and Teochew), Yue (with Cantonese and Taishanese), Xiang, Gan, and Hakka.
The spoken languages of China belong to at least nine families as below:
- The Sino-Tibetan family: There are 19 official ethnicities.
- The Tai–Kadai family: There are 9 official ethnicities.
- The Hmong–Mien family: There are 3 official ethnicities.
- The Austroasiatic family: There are 4 official ethnicities.
- The Turkic family: There are 7 official ethnicities.
- The Mongolic family: There are 6 official ethnicities.
- The Tungusic family: There are 5 official ethnicities.
- The Indo-European family: There are 2 official ethnicities.
- The Austronesian family: There is one official and one unofficial ethnicity.