French Republic is a unitary independent state and transcontinental nation consisting of area in Western Europe and several overseas regions. The European territory of the country stretches out from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.
Overseas France incorporates French Guiana on the South American landmass and a few island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian seas. The total area of the country is 643,801 square kilometers or 248,573 square miles and has a total population of 66.7 million. The capital France is Paris, which is the nation’s biggest city and main cultural and business centre. Other major cities include Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Nice, Toulouse and Bordeaux.
France is the worldwide focal point of art, science, and philosophy. It has fourth-biggest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe and gets approximately 83 million foreign tourists every year, the highest of any country in the world. France is one the most developed country with the world’s 6th biggest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-biggest by obtaining power parity.
In terms of total household wealth, it positions fourth in the world. France performs well in worldwide rankings of education, health care, life expectancy and human development. It is one of most powerful country in the world, being founding member of the United Nations and one of the five permanent members of United Nations Security Council.
It is also establishing and leading member state of the European Union, member of the G7, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and La Francophonie.
France Location Map | Where Is France Located
France is located at the western side of the European continent. It has bordered by the English Channel in the north and northwest, Atlantic Ocean in the west and the Mediterranean Sea in the south. The land border of the country is shared with Switzerland and Germany in the east, Belgium and Luxembourg in the northeast and Italy in the southeast. The Metropolitan France ranges between 41° to 51°N latitudes and 6°W and 10°E longitudes. The largest city of Paris is the capital city of France as well as it is a tourist’s paradise.
Regions of France
France is divided into 18 administrative regions. All of these regions are a sort of local government. There are thirteen regions are in Metropolitan France which are the part of the country that is in Europe. Corsica has a special status than the other 12 metropolitan regions which is called collectivité territoriale. Five of them are overseas. In 2016, some regions were merged and there are now 18.
- The list cities in France given below:
- Centre-Val de Loire
- Grand Est
- Pays de la Loire
- Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (PACA)
- French Guiana
Largest City in France
Paris is the capital and the largest city of France. It has an area of 105 square kilometers and a population of 2,229,621 within the administrative limits. As the largest city of France it is both a commune and department, and forms the centre and headquarters of the Île-de-France.
Paris is the vital urban destination in France, in fact in Europe. The largest city of France features a seemingly endless must-see list of sights, museums and tours. It’s the place to discover world-class cuisine and world-class art as well as the world’s best shopping.
Top 10 Cities in France
France is the tenth most populated nation in the world has a population of 127,110,047 people. Although this country is fabricated of so many islands, but there are only 430 of these islands inhabited. We have listed top 10 cities in France based on the population and living standard of the country.
- The top 10 cities in France are:
Most Populated City in France
Paris is the most populated city of France. It has a population of 2,229,621 within the administrative limits. It is the vital urban destination in France, in fact in Europe. The most populated city of France features a seemingly endless must-see list of sights, museums and tours. It’s the place to discover world-class cuisine and world-class art as well as the world’s best shopping.
Main Cities in France
France is a comparatively a vast country with large and heavily populated urban cities. It is the worldwide focal point of art, science, and philosophy. It has fourth-biggest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe and gets approximately 83 million foreign tourists every year, the highest of any country in the world. France is one the most developed country with the world’s 6th biggest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-biggest by obtaining power parity. Main cities in France are: Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Nice, Nantes, Strasbourg, Montpellier, Bordeaux and Lille.
Most Developed City in France
Paris is the ultimate urban destination and most developed city of France, indeed in Europe. in 2012, Paris had a GDP of €624 billion or US $687 billion, accounting for 30% of the GDP of France, and ranking it as one of the strongest regions in Europe. It is also the banking and financial centre of France that holds the headquarters of 29 of the 31 French corporations ranked in the 2015 Fortune Global 500.
History of France
France is a sovereign nation in Western Europe and the focal point of a large overseas administration. After Russia and Ukraine, it is the third-largest European nation. In the history of France, it was a part of the Celtic territory called as Gaul or Gallia. The present name has taken from the Latin Francia, signifying “country of the Franks,” a Germanic people who occupied the area during the fifth century, at the time of the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It turned into a separate country in the ninth century.
Since the seventeenth century, it has played a major role in European and world events. In the twentieth century, it has encountered numerous crises, including the obliteration of two world wars, political and social changes, and the departure of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa. However, it has survived and rose up from the vestiges of World War II to wind up an important world supplier of industrial products and agricultural and a most important partner in the European Community.
Nowadays, the term metropolitan France alludes to the territory departments and CORSICA, a huge island located in the Mediterranean Sea off the shore of Italy that has been a part of France since 1768. It has six overseas departments: GUADELOUPE and MARTINIQUE in the West Indies; FRENCH GUIANA in South America; MAYOTTE in the Indian Ocean; REUNION in the Indian Ocean; and SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON at the east coast of Canada.
Additionally, it has various small possessions called overseas territories which include a group of broadly scattered islands in the South Pacific, controlled from Tahiti and are referred as FRENCH POLYNESIA; NEW CALEDONIA and WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS; FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC TERRITORIES; and numerous little islands in the southern oceans, including the Kerguelen and Crozet archipelagos and the islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam.
The present population of France is 64,823,555 people, the twentieth most populous country in the world which equivalent to 0.88% of world’s total population. With comparison of last year’s population, it is an increment of 0.45% that is approx 290,464 people.
In this year the natural increase of population of the country is negative that means the number of births is less than the number of deaths. The sex (male/female) ratio of the total population is 0.948 in order to 948 males per 1,000 females that is low than global sex ratio (1.016).
If the numbers of external migration will same on the previous year, the population of France will be increase by 67,129 that means that the amount of people who leave France to stay permanently in different country (emigrants) will exceeds the amount of people who come into the country to facilitate to stay there as permanent residents (immigrants). The population of France will be amplified by 796 persons daily in 2017.
The daily change rates for population of France on are:
- 2,186 births average per day (91.07 in a hour)
- 1,574 deaths average per day (65.58 in a hour)
- 184 immigrants average per day (7.66 in a hour)
Languages of France
The languages of France consist of the French language and some regional languages. The only official language of France is French language, according to the second article of the French Constitution that is by far the most extensively spoken. A number of regional languages are also spoken to unstable degrees as a secondary language after French, for example German dialects, Celtic languages and other Gallo-Romance languages.
The regional languages of Metropolitan France include:
- Breton (Brezhoneg)
- Alsatian (Elsässerdeutsch)
- French Flemish: West Flemish dialect of Dutch
- Lorraine Franconian (Lothringen)
- Champenois or Campanois
- Poitevin and Saintongeais
- Gascon including Béarnese (Béarnais) and Landese (Landais)
- Nissart (Niçois or Niçart)
Franco-Provençal also named Arpitan:
- Ligurian language
- Corsican (Corsu)
- Basque aka Euskara
List of Banks in France
In 18 January 1800, the Banque de France was formed by Napoléon Bonaparte who was then opening Consul, to foster transformed economic growth in the wake of the deep collapse of the Revolutionary period. It is the central bank of France and linked to the European Central Bank (ECB). The full list of Banks in France has given below:
- Banque Martin Maurel
- Banque Palatine
- BNP Paribas
- Banque Populaire
- Caisse d’épargne
- Crédit Industriel et Commercial
- Crédit Mutuel
- Crédit Agricole
- Crédit Agricole Indosuez
- Crédit Lyonnais (LCL)
- Crédit du Nord
- Banque Courtois
- Banque Kolb
- Banque Laydernier
- Banque Rhône-alpes
- Banque Tarneaud
- Deutsche Bank
- HSBC France
- La Poste
- Société Générale
Weather of France
The weather of metropolitan France ranges between Mediterranean in the south to temperate and mild in the north. Most of the low-lying regions of metropolitan France except Corsica are situated in the oceanic weather zone, Cfb, Cwb and Cfc in the Köppen classification. A little part of the country bordering the Mediterranean Sea lies in the Csa and Csb zones. As the country is quite large, the weather is not uniform, ranges to the following climate nuances:
- The west parts of France has strictly oceanic weather that extends from Flanders to the Basque in a coastal strip a few tens of kilometers wide, narrower to the north part and south but wider in Brittany, which is nearly entirely in this weather zone.
- The weather of the South is also oceanic but warmer.
- The weather of the Northwest is oceanic but cooler and windier.
- Far from the coast, the weather is always oceanic but it uniqueness change a little. In the Paris sedimentary basin and extra in the intra mountain basins the seasonal changes becomes a slight stronger and the autumn rains or winter particularly are less marked. Therefore, most of the country has qualified weather gradient semi-oceanic climate.
- The oceanic degraded weather of plain in the centre of north, sometimes called “parisien” due the fact that corresponds about to the Paris basin where the oceanic weather is slightly altered;
- and the semi-continental weather in the north and in the centre.
- As a result of the provision of air masses, particularly in summer, and mountain borders that separate some of the rest of the nation, the lower Rhone valley and the Mediterranean, swept by the Mistral and Tramontana experiencing Mediterranean weather.
- The mountain weather is presented mostly in the Alps, the Massif Central, the Pyrenees, the Jura and the Vosges.
- In the overseas areas, there are three broad types of climate:
- A tropical weather in most overseas regions: high constant temperature annually with a dry and a wet season.
- An equatorial weather in French Guiana: high constant temperature annually with even precipitation throughout the year.
- A sub-polar weather in Saint Pierre and Miquelon and in majority of the French Southern and Antarctic regions: little mild summers and long freezing winters.