National Animal of Antigua and Barbuda

National Animal of Antigua and Barbuda

The Fallow deer is the national animal of Antigua and Barbuda. This animal belongs to the family of cervidae. They are very beautiful, with a black line running along its back to the tail. Antigua and Barbuda’s national animal, the fallow deer feeds mostly on buds and leaves. The fallow deer was discovered as the national animal of Antigua and Barbuda in the 1700s. It was around this time that its image was put on the country’s coat of arms as a symbol of national unity. Because of this reason, the fallow deer has been considered as the national animal of Antigua and Barbuda.

The fallow deer lives in mixed woodlands and open grasslands. They are simply grazing animals. They are categorized as endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. They can be found in countries such as Argentina, South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Comoro Islands and many others. Apart from being the national symbol of Antigua and Barbuda, fallow deer also attracts tourists.

Facts about the National Animal of Antigua and Barbuda (Fallow Deer)

  • Common name: Fallow deer
  • Scientific name: Dama dama
  • Height: 1m at the shoulder
  • Weight: Male-85 to 90kg; Female-50 to 60kg
  • Lifespan: 14-15 years
  • Habitat: mixed woodlands and open forests
  • Status: Endangered

The fallow deer is a unique animal among the cervidae species. They live in groups of up to 150, moving from place to place in search of food. They feed on buds and leaves. Sometimes, they also eat barks of trees. They start breeding while 18 months old, especially in September and the peak season for mating is October. They have a variety of coat colors such as black, brown, red and even white coats.

This unique beauty of the fallow deer makes it to be accepted as the national animal symbol of Antigua and Barbuda.


  1. National symbols”- Antigua and Barbuda’s government information and services.
  2. Fallow deer” – England’s woods and forests
  3. Fallow deer (dama dama)” – Wildscreen arkive.