The national animal of Armenia is Eagle. Armenia’s national animal does not mix with other birds. It flies at high altitudes where it can see its prey on the ground. The state of Armenia has put the image of the eagle on its coat of arms, this can help explain why it is considered the national animal of Armenia. The eagle was chosen as the national symbol of Armenia because of its power, courage, patience, wisdom and nobility in the animal kingdom.
Most recent data shows that approximately 35 pairs inhabit Armenia. Out of the 35, juveniles make the larger portion of the population (Society for Nature Conservation). The national animal of Armenia however, its presence is faced by direct persecution and the poaching for sale for home rearing. It mostly lives in mountains, cliffs, deep gorges a well as forests and steppe. It lives in a nest that consists of large platforms of branches with grass and other vegetation at the top part of a cliff.
Facts about Armenia’s National Animal (Eagle)
- Common name: Eagle
- Scientific Name: Hieraatus spilogaster
- Diet: Omnivore
- Size (H): 40cm – 100cm (15.7in – 39.3in)
- Wing Span: 70cm – 250cm (27.5in – 98in)
- Weight: 0.5kg – 7kg (1.1lbs – 15.4lbs)
- Top Speed: 160km/h (100mph)
- Life Span: 15 – 30 years
- Lifestyle: Solitary
- Colour: Black, Grey, Brown, White, Yellow
- Skin Type: Feathers
- Favourite Food: Fish
- Habitat: Open waters like lakes, rivers and coastal regions
- Main Prey: Fish, Mammals, Reptiles
- Predators: Human, Hawk, Raccoon
In terms of flight, it has long broad wings with wider bulging. The adult eagle is dark in overall. It has yellow legs which are visible at close range. On the other hand, juveniles are characterized by white patches at the base of the tail.
As clearly evident by its beak, the national animal of Armenia is carnivorous, and it feeds on mammals, birds, reptiles as well as carrion. It hunts by swooping on the prey from some heights or even from a low-level flight. It also has talons appropriately adapted to its mode of feeding. It preys on open fields such as fields and meadows.
Eagles lay eggs once in a year either one or two eggs per clutch. The eggs are of averagely 76 mm, they are dull white with red-brown spots.
- “A field guide to birds of Armenia-online version.”-Acopian Centre for the Environment.
- “7 high effective habits of eagles”-gcps-Reform sasscer without delay.
- “Basic traits of the eagle”-Bible Knowledge
- “Conservation of the eagles”- 2015 wildlife conservation in Caucas