The Black Eagle is the national animal of Austria. It is a bird of prey. Like all eagles, it is in the family Accipitridae and is the only member of the genus Ictinaetus. The National Animal of Austria, Eagle, articulated on Austria’s national coat of arms, is usually the country’s official bird and also animal sign. Boldness, power, and victory are some of the features resulting from the eagle as it included in the national symbol of Austria.
Interestingly Austria’s national animal, Black Eagle, lives in Tropical Asia. The species also extends into the Aravalli range of northwestern India. There are around 10,000-100,000 birds spread from northeastern Pakistan and the base of the Himalayas through Bhutan, India, and Sri Lanka, and down into Indochina and Malaysia. (The Eagle Dictionary, 2011)
Facts about Austria’s national animal
- Common Name: Black Eagle or Eagle
- Scientific Name: Ictinaetus malaiensis
- Found in: Bhutan, China, India; Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Sri Lanka
- Habitat: Lowland, evergreen, and montane forests
- Main Prey: Bats, rats, squirrels, flying squirrels, reptiles, frogs, insects, & some birds
- Average Length: 69-81 cm
- Average Weight: 1-1.60 Kg
- Average Lifespan: 20 Years
- Average Speed: 57-70 Km/h
- Conservation Status: Least Concern ( As per IUCN Red List)
- Current number: Around 100,000
The national symbol of Austria is almost entirely black. They have a yellow cere and feet, and the eyes are brown. The beak is yellow to gray with a black tip and the wings are large relative to their body size with long, extended primary feathers. The breeding season is from November-March, a clutch of 1-2 eggs is laid and incubation lasts approximately 35-40 days. Fledging takes 60 days.
The Black Eagle has many other names in different region such as Asian Black Eagle, Indian Black Eagle, Helang Hitam (Malay), Malaienadler (German) etc. A number of other nations have the eagle as a national symbol, such as the USA, Egypt as well as Germany.