National Animal of Canada

National Animal of Canada

Canada’s largest rodent and second largest in the world the beaver is the national animal of Canada.  The beaver is a big, nocturnal, semi-aquatic rodent famous for building lodges, canals, and dams. Canada’s National animal, the Beaver is a superb swimmer and can stay under water up to 15 minutes. The trade in beaver pelts had been the centre of Canada’s economy from the early 17th century to the early 19th century.  Based on the history, the beaver is the national symbol of Canada.

D44F1R Five North American Beavers (Castor canadensis) rest on top of their lodge in North Creek, Bothell, Washington.. Image shot 2012. Exact date unknown.

The Beaver is mostly found in the forested regions across Canada and north to the tree line. Typically, they occupy slow- following streams, where they construct dams of sticks, logs, debris and mud. These dams maintain a water supply to protect their lodges, which are built of same materials. Being the national animal symbol of Canada, the beaver represents the colonial past of the country.

Facts about the National Animal of Canada (Beaver)

  • Common Name: Beaver
  • Trinomen: Castor canadensis
  • Found in: Canada
  • Habitat: Preferred Watered area
  • Color: Dark reddish brown
  • Average Length  2.4 – 3 ft.
  • Average Weight: 24 – 71 lbs
  • Average Lifespan: 24 years in wild
  • Average Speed: 55km/h (34mph)
  • Current Numbers: 6-12 million
  • Lives in: Canada

The dark, reddish-brown fur consisting of course guard hairs covered the thickest body of a Beaver. Beavers are primarily nocturnal. They are mostly spending their time by eating and building. Beaver create dams to make ponds, their favorite place to live.  They eat trees, leaves, roots, and bark from aspens. Beavers are very social and live in groups which called colonies. One lodge is often the home for a monogamous couple with their young. In 198b the North American Beaver’s number was 60-400m. But unfortunately, in the recent days, the population are 6-12 m.

The famously busy, and turn their talents to re-engineering the landscape, the Beaver is the National Symbol of Canada.