National Animal of Egypt

National Animal of Egypt

The majestic steppe eagle is the national animal of Egypt. This bird belongs to the family of Accipitridae. Egypt’s national bird is large with brownish underparts and blackish flight feathers. Its tail is also black in color. The call of Egypt’s national animal sounds likes a crow barking, but it is mostly a silent bird. It is easily differentiated from other types of eagles by its oval nostril and its gape.

As its name suggests, the national animal of Egypt lives in vast semi-arid areas of grassland known as steppe. Other than the steppe regions, these birds can also survive in desert regions. The national bird of Egypt can also be found in Romania, Mongolia, South East Asia, Africa, India, and other regions. Report on the total population of the steppe eagles shows total their total number to be between 50000 and 75000 eagles (Birdlife International, 2015).

National Animal of Egypt

Facts about the National Animal of Egypt (Steppe Eagle)

  • Common name: Steppe Eagle
  • Scientific name: Aquila nipalensis
  • Habitat: semi-arid grasslands and desert regions
  • Diet: Omnivores
  • Average weight: male-2kg-3.1kg; female-2.3-3.9kg
  • Average length: 66-79cm
  • Wingspan: male-165-180cm; female-180-200cm
  • Average lifespan: 41 years
  • Incubation period: 45 days

The steppe eagle is a large beautiful bird of prey. It is dark brown, with bars on its back and feathers. It has a reddish-brown patch on its neck, oval nostrils, and a long, wide gape to differentiate it from other eagle species. It is due to these beautiful distinctive features that it was actually declared the national animal symbol of Egypt.

The steppe eagle is a proud bird, rarely associating itself with dead animals. It only eats fresh meat from animals it has killed itself. Most Egyptians believe that this pride might have been the reason the steppe eagle was actually considered to be the national symbol of Egypt.


  • “Steppe eagle, Aquila nipalensis”
  • “Information: Steppe eagle”-Bird zone
  • “The steppe eagle”-Wikipedia
  • “Steppe eagle fact file”
TOPICS >   |