National Animal of Italy

National Animal of Italy

The wolf is the national animal of Italy. This animal belongs to the family of canidae, together with animals such as dogs, jackals and dingoes. In the genus canis, which the national animal of Italy belongs, the wolf is the most specialized member. Italy’s national animal is a social animal, travelling in groups lead by a helpmate pair. The wolf is a very aggressive animal, attacking people’s livestock. This has put them on a war path with human beings.

The national animal of Italy can survive in a wide range of habitats. Such habitats would include deserts, woodlands, tundra and grasslands. In these areas, the wolf is assured of adequate food supply and water. In Italy, the total number of wolves is estimated to be around 3,461,517 (Kaczenky et al. 2013). There population is under threat due to a number of reasons. Firstly, human beings kill them as they are a threat to livestock. They also get killed when they attack children in homesteads. Another reason why their population is threatened is due to human encroachment on their habitats.

Facts about the National Animal of Italy

  • Common name:  wolf
  • Scientific name: canis lupus
  • Average weight: female-60-100 pounds; males- 70-145 pounds
  • Average height: 3-5 ft.
  • Habitat: deserts, woodlands, tundra and grasslands
  • Diet: carnivores
  • Gestation period: 62-75 days
  • Lifespan: 6-8 years in the wild. 17 years in captivity

The coat color of a wolf is a mixture of gray and brown with buffy facial markings. You can also find a wolf which is white or brown in color. Mating occurs towards the end of January. Ones they are born, the pups are usually blind and deaf. After a period of about 8 months, the pups would be grown enough to start hunting. This dog-like animal, which is the most specialized of the dog family is the national animal symbol of Italy.

In Italy, wolves are the dominant wild animals, making them to be considered the national symbol of Italy.