National Animal of Jordan

National Animal of Jordan

The national animal of Jordan is the Arabian oryx. After the extinction of the national animal of Jordan in 1970s, Arabian oryx was again reintroduced in the wild in the year 1980. During the extinction period, the Arabian oryx had been preserved in zoos by the Jordan administration. Jordan’s national animal is a subspecies of the gazelle family which is able to survive in desert environments. This animal can walk as many as 70km, though not at high speed.

The national animal of Jordan best survives in gravel deserts or hard sands. They can be found between softer dunes and ridges. Their total population is estimated to be around 1000 in the wild (IUCN, 2015). Initially, they were categorized as extinct, but after they were reintroduced in the year 1980, they are now classified as vulnerable by the IUCN red list. The conservation efforts are being sustained by the coordinating committee for the conservation of Arabian oryx.

Facts about the National Animal of Jordan

  • Common name: Arabian oryx
  • Scientific name: oryx leucoryx
  • Average weight: 150 lbs.
  • Average height: 3.3 ft.
  • Habitat: Desert regions
  • Diet: Herbivores
  • Gestation period: 240 days
  • Lifespan: 20 years
  • Main predator: human beings

The national animal of Jordan has a white bright coat. The bright coat helps to reflect sun’s rays thus keeping the animal relatively cool. Their hooves are large. This increases their surfaces area, enabling it to freely walk in the desert sands. Human beings hunt them for their skins, and also meet. Their horns are used as decorations in many households in Jordan. The government has tried to ensure their survival by keeping them in zoos and other protected areas. This is because, the Arabian oryx is considered as the national animal symbol of Jordan.

In the year 2006, Arabian oryx was the official mascot of Asian games held in Qatar. The image of this animal has also been used on uniforms of football clubs of the country, qualifying it as the national symbol of Jordan.