National Animal of Saudi Arabia

National Animal of Saudi Arabia

The camel is considered as the national animal of Saudi Arabia. They are unique looking animals which can be recognized easily because of their humps. Saudi Arabia’s national animal, Camel, is also known as “ship of the desert”. In Saudi Arabia, before there was no horse or vehicles to bring milk or luggage so camels were used as traveling source that is why the camel is chosen as the national animal of Saudi Arabia.

national animal of Saudi Arabia

They live in deserts and hot weather due to which is also called ship of the desert. They can be found mostly in North Africa and the Middle East. The current number of camels in Saudi Arab and Emirates is almost 15 million by (AOAD). The Arabian camel is not only the national animal symbol of Saudi Arabia but also the Identity of the country.

Facts about Saudi Arabia’s National Animal (Camel)

  • Common Name: Arabian camel
  • TrinomenCamelus
  • Adopted: 1400 years ago
  • Found in:  Saudi’s deserts
  • Height: Maximum height of camel is 7 feet
  • Stamina: they can survive for long without food
  • Habitat: Middle East, Africa, and Arab emirates
  • Average Length:  10 feet
  • Average Weight: 1500 pounds
  • Average Lifespan: 40-50 years
  • Average Speed: 40 miles per hour
  • Current number: 15 million (AOAD)
  • Conservation: endangered by (IUCNNR)

The national animal of Saudi Arabia has different specialties than other animals. They can travel for long without any food and water. 15% loss of water in body cause dehydration but camel can lose up to 25% water and can still survive without dehydration. They can drink 40 gallons of water at once they are grayish in color and sometimes sandy because they live in deserts. The Arabian camels are mainly brown, cream and tan colored. They can run up to 40 mph (60 kph). Thorny and Salty Plants, Grass and Grain are their main prey.

In short, camels are the best source of transportation in sandy areas they can move quickly without facing any hurdle because of the naturally designed feet for moving in sand. As a result, they are one of the most important national symbols of Saudi Arabia.



  1. Facts about Arabian Camel” – National Geographic
  2. Interesting camel facts” – soft schools
  3. National Saudi Animal” – Answers
  4. Trinomen of camel” – seaworld