National Animal of United States of America (USA)

National Animal of United States of America (USA)

The American bison is the national animal of the USA. Bison is an animal once hunted to the brink of extinction in America, is set to become the first national mammal of the US, putting it on a par with the bald eagle as a national symbol of USA. America’s national animal, Bison is a uniquely American animal and is the embodiment of American strength and resilience. As it is as fearless as the bald eagle, as strong as the oak, and inspiring as a rose, bison is considered as the national animal of USA.

Bison is the largest animal in North America. The only living places of bison were along the coasts and deserts. Bison once dominated the grassland of the United States.  When the first explorers came to the Great Plains, it is estimated that at least 30 million bison roamed the land. Presently, around 500,000 bison live across North America (Defenders of Wildlife).

Facts about America’s National Animal (Bison)

  • Common Name: American bison or American buffalo
  • Trinomen: Bison bison
  • Type: Mammal
  • Found in: North America, Africa and Asia
  • Size (L): 2m – 2.7m (6.6ft – 9ft)
  • Weight: 2,200lbs – 2,500lbs (1,000kg – 1,300kg)
  • Top Speed: 35km/h (22mph)
  • Life Span: 15-20 years
  • Color: Brown, Tan
  • Skin Type: Hair
  • Diet: Herbivore
  • Favorite Food: Grass
  • Habitat: Grass plains and forest
  • Main Prey: Grass, Acorns, Berries
  • Predators: Human, Bear, Wolves

The bison is serving as a great national symbol of the USA. Along with their formidable size, bison has several unique traits that help to identify them. Bison calves change color when they grow older, become dark brown like their parents. They use their heads to fight by crashing into one another.  Both male and female Bisons have short, curved, and black horns.

They can grow up to 2 feet long. A male bison can weigh upwards of one ton, and a female can weigh about 900 pounds. They are mostly like low-growing grasses and sedges.  Bison is constantly on the move, and they even walk while they eat. The average lifespan of bison that survives to adulthood can live around 20 years. They like open plains, savannas, and grasslands. Bison communicates by hearing and smell.  They are also grunt, snort, and growl.

In short, recognition of the National Animal of USA brings a new source of pride for Americans—just like the bald eagle.


  1. “American first national mammal” – The Guardian
  2. “Facts about Bison” – Defenders of Wildlife
  3. “Facts about Bison” – A-Z Animals
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