India, a land of diverse landscapes, is blessed with a vast network of rivers that have played a pivotal role in shaping its history, culture, and ecosystems. From the mighty Ganges to the serene Brahmaputra, each river holds its unique significance. Most of the Indian rivers flow eastwards and drain into the Bay of Bengal but there are only three rivers in India that run from east to west Narmada, Mahi, and Tapti River. This information about the rivers is given to help you understand the River Map of India better.
Major River Systems In River Map of India
- The Indus River System,
- The Ganga River System
- The Yamuna River System
- The Brahmaputra River System
Major Rivers In River Map of India
- The Ganges (Ganga): The Ganges, often referred to as the lifeline of India, is the country’s longest river, flowing through northern India. Originating from the Gangotri Glacier in Uttarakhand, it traverses a distance of approximately 2,525 kilometers (1,569 miles) before merging with the Bay of Bengal. The Ganges holds immense religious and cultural importance and is considered sacred by millions of Hindus.
- The Brahmaputra: Flowing through the northeastern states of India, the Brahmaputra is one of the largest rivers in the River Map of India and the world. Originating from the Chemayungdung Glacier in Tibet, it enters India through Arunachal Pradesh and further courses through Assam before eventually joining the Ganges in Bangladesh. With a length of around 2,900 kilometers (1,800 miles), the Brahmaputra is known for its vast riverine islands, rich biodiversity, and as a vital source of irrigation and transportation.
- The Yamuna: Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier in the western Himalayas, the Yamuna is the largest tributary of the Ganges. It flows through the northern states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh, covering a distance of approximately 1,376 kilometers (855 miles). The Yamuna plays a crucial role in the mythology, history, and ecology of the region.
- The Indus: The Indus, one of the longest rivers in Asia, originates in Tibet and flows through northern India before entering Pakistan. Its length within Indian territory is about 1,114 kilometers (692 miles). The Indus holds significant historical importance as the cradle of the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations.
- The Godavari: The Godavari, often referred to as the Dakshina Ganga (Southern Ganges), is the second-longest river in Indian River Map, spanning a distance of approximately 1,465 kilometers (910 miles). Originating in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, it flows through central and southern India, finally emptying into the Bay of Bengal. The Godavari is known for its fertile deltas, picturesque landscapes, and several pilgrimage sites along its course.
Other Important Rivers
- The Krishna: Originating in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, it flows through Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh, covering a distance of around 1,400 kilometers (870 miles).
- The Narmada: Originating in Madhya Pradesh, it flows through Gujarat before merging into the Arabian Sea. The Narmada River stretches for approximately 1,312 kilometers (815 miles).
- The Tapti: Rising in the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh, it flows through Maharashtra and Gujarat, covering a distance of about 724 kilometers (450 miles) before emptying into the Arabian Sea.
Important of Rivers In India
The river systems in India provide irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, and livelihoods for a large number of people all over the country. The River Map of India shows the River network in India. The rivers of India and its course are shown in the Major Indian Rivers Map given. Seven major rivers along with their numerous tributaries make up the river system of India. The largest basin system of the rivers pours their waters into the Bay of Bengal; however, some of the rivers whose courses take them through the western part of the country and towards the east of the state of Himachal Pradesh empty into the Arabian Sea. Parts of Ladakh, northern parts of the Aravalli range, and the arid parts of the Thar Desert have inland drainage.
Which is the Oldest River in India?
The 70-year-old former Chief Minister and his wife Amrita started the “parikrama” (circumambulation ) of the Narmada river in Madhya Pradesh as a “religious and spiritual” exercise. Singh said the Narmada is the “oldest” river in the River Map of India and advocated its revival.