Spain is formally known as the Kingdom of Spain is an independent state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It has two large archipelagos, the Canary Islands off the North African Atlantic coast and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea with two cities Ceuta and Melilla in the North African mainland and a few small islands in the Alboran Sea close to the Moroccan coast.
It has bordered to the east and south by the Mediterranean Sea excluding a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the northeast and north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the northwest and west Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. Spain is the only European nation to have a boundary with an African country is Morocco and has nearly 5% of its population into the African territory, mostly in the Canary Islands with Ceuta and Melilla. Together with France and Morocco, Spain is one of the three nations to have both Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines.
Spain is the fourth largest country in the European continent has an area of 505,990 km2 or 195,360 sq mi. It is the biggest country in the Southern Europe and the second biggest country in Western Europe and the European Union. According to the present population, it is the sixth biggest in Europe and the fifth biggest in the European Union. Madrid is the capital and the largest city of Spain. Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao and Málaga are other major urban areas.
Spain is a democratic state with parliamentary government under a constitutional dominion. The country is a well developed and middle power country with the fourteenth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is one of the member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and many other international organizations.
List of Provinces in Spain
Spain and its sovereign communities are separated into fifty provinces. The layout of provinces in Spain closely pursues the pattern of the territorial division carried out in 1833. The only most important change of provincial borders since the sub-division of the Canary Islands separated into two provinces rather than one.
Most of the provinces are named after their principal town except Álava/Araba, Cantabria, Gipuzkoa/Gipúzcoa, Asturias, Bizkaia/Vizcaya, Illes Balears/Islas Baleares, Las Palmas, La Rioja and Nafarroa/Navarra. Only two capitals of autonomous communities are not also the capitals of provinces —Santiago de Compostela in Galicia and Mérida in Extremadura.
This is a list of provinces in Spain, sorted by founding date and prefecture. The list cities in Spain given below:
- Ciudad Real
- A Coruña
- La Rioja
- Balearic Islands
- Las Palmas
- Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Largest City in Spain
Madrid is the capital city and the largest city in Spain. Most population of Madrid is of Castilian origin and rests are Spaniards of another ethnic group with some immigrants from North Africa, the Middle East or South America. Though Madrid is the largest city in Spain but hasn’t sufficient housing and most inhabitants in the city life in apartments. In the term of the older apartments can lack such basic needs as water supplies and in inferior areas people must share common baths. It is the second largest city in Spain based on industrial center, the transportation hub of the country and the center of national government.
Top 10 Cities in Spain
Spain is one of the ancient countries in the Europe located on the beautiful Iberian Peninsula. It is also one of the most populous European countries with over 46 million people. Spain is a most developed country, where 80% of the population lives in urban areas. It is the thirtieth most populated country in the world. We have listed top 10 cities in Spain based on the population and living standard of the country. The top 10 cities in Spain are:
Most Populated City in Spain
Madrid is the most populated city in Spain has a total population of 3,255,944 people. Most of Madrid’s population is of Castilian origin. Most population of Madrid is of Castilian origin and rests are Spaniards of another ethnic group with some immigrants from North Africa, the Middle East or South America. Though Madrid is the most populated city in Spain but hasn’t sufficient housing and most inhabitants in the city life in apartments. In the term of the older apartments can lack such basic needs as water supplies and in inferior areas people must share common baths. It is the second largest city in Spain based on industrial center, the transportation hub of the country and the center of national government.
Main Cities in Spain
Spain is the fourth largest country in the European continent has an area of 505,990 km2 or 195,360 sq mi. Madrid is the capital and the largest city of Spain. Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao, Málaga, Zaragoza, Murcia, Palma, Las Palmas are main cities in Spain. It is the biggest country in the Southern Europe and the second biggest country in Western Europe and the European Union. According to the present population, it is the sixth biggest in Europe and the fifth biggest in the European Union.
Most Developed City in Spain
Madrid is the most developed city in Spain has a total population of 3,255,944 people. Most of Madrid’s population is of Castilian origin. Most population of Madrid is of Castilian origin and rests are Spaniards of another ethnic group with some immigrants from North Africa, the Middle East or South America. Madrid’s economy is of approximately equal size to Catalonia’s, which remains Spain’s largest. As the most developed city in Spain, It has the highest GDP per capita in the country.
Best Places to Visit in Spain
Tourism in Spain is a most important contributor to the national economic life, about 11% of Spain’s current GDP. The country is a most popular destination for summer holidays, mainly with large numbers of tourists from the France, UK, Germany, Italy and the Benelux. Spain’s foreign tourist industry is now the second-biggest in the world. Spain was the world’s third most-visited country in 2015, about 68.1 million tourists visited the country. The country ranks first in the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index among 141 countries published by the World Economic Forum in 2015. The headquarters of the World Tourism Organization is in Madrid.
Throughout the country of Spain there are a lot of beautiful cities and tourist places in Spain, yet they don’t all the time get the attention they deserve. If you are looking for a trip in future, you may long to stay out of the observable tourist-focused cities like Madrid and try other beautiful cities with half the crowds. Many of these tourist places in Spain have stayed off the radar just because they are not as well-liked among tourists, even as some can be hard to get to as there aren’t any airports directly into them. The following list of best tourist places in Spain:
- The Alhambra and Generalife Gardens
- Barcelona’s Sagrada Familia and Gaudi Sites
- The Great Mosque of Cordoba (Mezquita)
- The Prado and Paseo del Artes, Madrid
- San Lorenzo de El Escorial
- Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao
- Seville Cathedral and Alcazar
- Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
- Plaza Mayor, Madrid
- Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, Valencia
- Archaeology Museum of Barcelona (MAC)
- CaixaForum Barcelona
- CaixaForum Madrid
- Casa Àsia
- Centre d’Art Santa Mònica (CASM)
- Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona (CCCB)
- Centre d’Interpretació del Park Güell
- Cosmocaixa Barcelona (former Museu de la Ciència de Barcelona)
- Costa del Sol Beaches
- El Teide, Tenerife
- Espai Gaudí (La Pedrera)
- FC Barcelona Museum
- Fundació Antoni Tàpies
- Fundació Joan Miró
- Fundació Suñol
- Gracia Arts Project
- Institut Botànic de Barcelona
- La Rambla, Barcelona
- Liria Palace
- Monastery of Las Descalzas Reales
- Museu Barbier-Mueller d’Art Precolombí
- Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA)
- Museu d’Autòmates
- Museu de Cera de Barcelona
- Museu de Ciències de Barcelona
- Museu de Geologia
- Museu de la Música de Barcelona
- Museu de la Xocolata
- Museu de l’Eròtica de Barcelona
- Museu de Zoologia
- Museu del Calçat
- Museu del Clavegueram
- Museu del Còmic i la Il·lustració
- Museu del Modernisme Català (MMCAT)
- Museu del Perfum – Fundació Planas Giralt
- Museu d’Història de Catalunya
- Museu d’Història de la Ciutat
- Museu Egipci de Barcelona
- Museu Etnològic de Barcelona
- Museu Frederic Marès
- Museu Gaudí
- Museu Marítim
- Museu Militar de Barcelona (closed May 2009)
- Museu Picasso
- Museu Taurí
- Museum of Lázaro Galdiano
- Museum of the Americas
- Museum Sorolla
- National Archaeological Museum of Spain
- National Art Museum of Catalonia (MNAC)
- National Museum of Natural Sciences
- Naval Museum
- Olympic and Sports Museum Joan Antoni Samaranch
- Palau de la Virreina
- Palau Robert
- Railway Museum
- Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando
- Royal Palace of El Pardo
- Royal Palace of Madrid
- Sagrada Familia
- Sala Ciutat
- Spanish Air Force Museum
- The White Towns of Andalucía
- Toledo’s Old City
Population of Spain
The present population of Spain is 46,003,534 people, the thirtieth most populous country in the world which equivalent to 0.63% of world’s total population. With comparison of last year’s population, it is an decrement of -0.21% that is approx -95,615 people. In this year the natural increase of population of the country is positive that means the number of births is more than the number of deaths. The sex (male/female) ratio of the total population is 0.976 in order to 976 males per 1,000 females that is low than global sex ratio (1.016). If the numbers of external migration will same on the previous year, the population of Spain will be decrease by 118,003 that means that the amount of people who leave Spain to stay permanently in different country (emigrants) will more than the amount of people who come into the country to facilitate to stay there as permanent residents (immigrants). The population of Spain will be amplified by 261 persons daily in 2017. The daily change rates for population of Spain on are:
- 1,174 births average per day (48.94 in a hour)
- 1,113 deaths average per day (46.36 in a hour)
- -323 immigrants average per day (-13.47 in a hour)
Languages of Spain
The languages of Spain or Spanish languages are the languages spoken or once spoken in Spain. Romance languages are commonly spoken in Spain from which Spanish is the only official language of Spain. There is some co-official or recognized status languages in specific territories and various unofficial languages are spoken in certain localities. Spanish (Castilian) is the most prominent of the languages of Spain and Catalan is spoken by 17%, Galician by 7% and Basque by 2% of all Spaniards. Below the distribution of the co-official languages in Spain:
- Aranese is the co-official language in Catalonia, is spoken mostly in the Pyrenean comarca of the Aran Valley, in northwestern Catalonia.
- Basque is the co-official language in the Basque Country and northern Navarre. It is the only language which is not Romance language but have the official status in mainland Spain.
- Catalan is the co-official in the Balearic Islands, Catalonia and in the Valencian Community. It is also spoken without any official recognition in the community of Carche, Murcia.
- Galician is the co-official in Galicia. It is also spoken without any official recognition in the Principality of Asturias and Castile and León.
Weather of Spain
The weather of Spain differs across the country. There are mainly three climatic zones can be distinguished, in terms of the geographical circumstances and orographic conditions:
- The Mediterranean weather is differentiated by warm and dry summers, cools to mild and wet winters.
- The oceanic weather is located in the northern part of the country, particularly in the Basque Country, Asturias, Cantabria, Galicia and Navarre.
- The semiarid weather is located in the southeastern part of the country, particularly in the Murcia and Ebro valley.
Beside these three main climate zones, there are also some other sub-zones, such as the alpine weather in the Pyrenees and Sierra Nevada, a characteristic subtropical weather in the Canary Islands and the southern coast and a Warm dry weather in the region of the South East Coast, especially in Almeria city and the Cabo de Gata region.
History of Spain
The history of Spain goes back to the Earlier in the Middle-Ages. In 1516, Habsburg Spain combined with various disparate antecedent kingdoms. In 1813, its modern appearance of a constitutional government was first introduced and the current independent constitution dates to 1978.
In 1516, after the conclusion of the Reconquista, Spain’s kingdoms were joined under Habsburg rule. In the meantime, the Spanish Empire started to enlarge to the New World across the ocean, denoting the start of the Golden Age of Spain, and becoming the most powerful states in the world.
Amid this period, Spain was included in all significant European wars, including the Italian Wars, the Thirty Years’ War, the Eighty Years’ War and the Franco-Spanish War. In the later seventeenth century, Spanish power started to turn down, and after the demise of the last Habsburg ruler, the War of the Spanish progression finished with the relegation of Spain. Under the Bourbon rule, to the status of an inferior power with a reduced impact in European issues. The Bourbon transformation attempted the restoration of state organizations, with some achievement, yet as the century finished, insecurity set in with the French Revolution and the Peninsular War, so that Spain never recovered its previous quality.
Divided by the war, Spain toward the start of the nineteenth century was destabilized as various political parties representing to “liberal”, “reactionary”, and “moderate” gatherings all through the rest of the century battled for and won fleeting control with no being adequately solid to achieve enduring strength. The previous Spanish Empire overseas immediately broke down with the Latin American wars of autonomy and in the long run the loss of what old states stayed in the Spanish–American War of 1898.
A questionable harmony amongst liberal and conservative powers was struck in the foundation of established government amid 1874–1931 however brought no enduring solution, and Spain slipped into Civil War between the Republican and the Nationalist groups.
The war finished in patriot fascism, drove by Francisco Franco, which administrated the Spanish government until 1975. The post-war decades were moderately steady and the nation experienced quick financial development in the 1960s and mid 1970s.
Just with the passing of Franco in 1975 did Spain come back to Bourbon protected government headed by Prince Juan Carlos and to majority rules system. In 1986, Spain came into the European Economic Community and the Eurozone in 1999. The financial crisis of 2007–08 finished after 10 years of financial blast and entered a subsidence and obligation emergency and remains tormented by high unemployment and a feeble economy. Spain is measured as a middle power ready to apply provincial impact yet different forces with comparable status, (for example, Germany, Italy and Japan) it is not part of the G8 and partakes in the G20 just as a guest. Spain is a member of the G6.
Airlines in Spain
The list of airlines of Spain includes only airlines having an Air Operator Certificate issued by the Civil Aviation Authority of Spain. The list of airlines in Spain focuses on passenger airlines with international, intra-continental, intercontinental, domestic, and regional services. In the terms of Spain airlines, not all Spain airlines are created equal, but there is some best Spain airlines listed below based on their performance in five major key areas: canceled flights, on-time arrivals, denied boardings, mishandled bags and customer satisfaction.
- Aerofan kys
- Air Andorra
- Air Europa
- Air Horizont
- Air Nostrum
- Binter Canarias
- Calima Aviación
- Canarias Airlines
- Cygnus Air
- Evelop Airlines
- Executive Airlines (Spain)
- Helicópteros del Sureste
- Iberia (airline)
- Iberia Express
- Ibertrans Aérea
- Mayoral Executive Jet
- Navegacion y Servicios Aéreos Canarios
- PAN Air
- Privilege Style
- Wamos Air
List of Spain Banks
The Bank of Spain or Banco de España is the central bank of Spain. It was formed in Madrid in 1782 by Charles III. Presently it is a member of the European System of Central Banks and controlled Spanish banking system. It has regulated by the Law of Autonomy of the Banco de España. The list of Banks in Spain consist of central bank of Spain, Government banks, Major privately owned banks, merged banks, foreign-owned banks as well as defunct banks. The full list of Banks in Spain has given below:
- Barclays Bank
- BCH Broker
- Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa (BBK)
- Caixa de Balears, “Sa Nostra”
- Caixa de Catalunya
- Caixa de Manresa
- Caixa de Terrassa
- Caixa d’Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona, “la Caixa”
- Caixa Galicia
- Caixa Penedès
- Caixa Tarragona
- Caja Cantabria
- Caja Circulo
- Caja de Burgos
- Caja Duero
- Caja España
- Caja Madrid
- Caja Murcia
- Caja Navarra
- Caja Vital
- Deutsche Bank
- Fiare Banca Ètica página web de Fiare
- Global Trust Bank
- ING Direct
- Merrill Lynch
- Patagon España
- Salomon Smith Barney
- Triodos Bank