State Amphibian of Arizona

State Amphibian of Arizona

The “Arizona Tree Frog” Is The Arizona State Amphibian Since 1986. The Arizona tree frog was designated as the State Amphibian of Arizona in 1986. It Was Elected by the school children of Arizona during the “Arizona Wildlife Awareness” program in 1985 (sponsored by Arizona Game & Fish Commission). The State Amphibian of Arizona “Arizona Tree Frog” won over the other three finalists: the red spotted toad, the Colorado River toad, and the spadefoot toad and get officials status.

The Arizona Treefrog is a relatively small (to 2.25 inches) green or coppery brown frog with a dark eyestripe that extends past the shoulder onto the side of the body, and sometimes to the groin area. This dark stripe may break into spots or dashes past the shoulder. The eyestripe on the similar Pacific treefrog does not extend past the shoulder. Some individuals exhibit dark spots on the head and upper back, and bars or spots on the lower back.

The throat of the male is dusky green or tan, and males average a slightly smaller size than females. Arizona State Amphibian “Arizona Treefrog” is a species of montane streams, wet meadows, ciénegas, roadside ditches, and livestock tanks in oak, pine-oak, ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, and other forest types, mostly above 5,000 feet. The breed most commonly in temporary waters, which support relatively few aquatic predators.

 

“Arizona Tree Frog”

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hyla Eximia

RANGE: Arizona State Amphibian Usually found in the mountains of central Arizona and western New Mexico along the Mogollon Rim. Elevations above 5,000 feet. In Arizona, they are found from Williams to the White Mountains. A smaller population may exist in the Huachuca Mountains.

HABITAT: Streams, wet meadows and ditches in Ponderosa pine, Douglas fir and other coniferous forests.

DIET: Insectivore. Feed on beetles, spiders, earthworms, flies, bark beetles and other small invertebrates.

ACTIVITY PERIOD: State Amphibian of Arizona Remain dormant during much of the year. Most active during summer rainy season.

REPRODUCTION: Mate at the beginning of the summer monsoon season. Breeding lasts up to three days. Eggs are laid in small clusters in vegetation. Tadpoles change to frogs within 11 weeks. Litter consists of three to four young in April throughJuly. Breeding typically takes place in temporary pools to prevent predation from aquatic predators. Males will sometimes call from the treetops.

STATUS: May be taken and kept with a valid Arizona hunting license or special permit.