The Florida Largemouth Bass Is The State Fish Of Florida. The Florida largemouth bass (Micropterus Salmoides Floridamus) was Design As the official state Freshwater Fish Of Florida in 1975. The Florida largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides floridanus) seems to grow to unusually large size in Florida waters. Florida State Fish can reach a length of more than twenty inches and weigh more than fifteen pounds.
This black Largemouth Bass is an elongated sunfish, whose distinguishing feature, aside from its exceptionally large mouth, is a deep notch in the dorsal fin. State Fish Of Florida Largemouth bass usually lives in quiet waters that contain bountiful vegetation. The adult largemouth bass is active predators in the aquatic ecosystem, feeding on other fish and large invertebrates (such as crayfish).
Large Florida State Fish bass will also prey upon smaller bass. They are sexually mature at just over 2 years of age (52cm in length). Largemouth bass has a black to green back with lighter sides and a pale belly. State Fish Of Florida Largemouth Bass have a dark wavy band running the length of their sides. Largemouth bass has a voracious appetite. Adults feed on fishes, crayfish and frogs, while juveniles feed on crustaceans, insects and small fishes. These fish can become cannibalistic.
Largemouth Bass Facts:
- Largemouth bass has a highly attuned sense of smell and can zero in on prey by following scent trails.
- The female Florida State Fish largemouth bass is usually larger than male largemouth bass of the same age.
- Largemouth bass will often breach the surface of the water and become airborne when hooked in an effort to break free.
- The State Fish Of Florida largemouth bass is very aggressive fish and is known to strike at nearly anything they consider alive.
- Largemouth fry will stay in a school for three to four weeks, called a “brood swarm,” which is guarded by their father.
Official State Saltwater Fish of Florida
Florida designated the Atlantic sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) as the official state saltwater fish in 1975 (Florida’s official freshwater fish is the largemouth bass). Sailfish can reach speeds of sixty miles per hour! The average size of sailfish found in Florida is approximately six to seven feet and thirty to forty-five pounds. The magnificent Atlantic sailfish is considered threatened. The Atlantic sailfish is related to the marlin. Atlantic sailfish hunt schooling fish, such as sardines, anchovies, and mackerel although they also feed on crustaceans and cephalopods.