Bluegill Is The State Fish Of Illinois. Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) was designated the official state fish of Illinois in 1986. Bluegill is a member of the sunfish family that can be recognized by its “stripy olive to yellow colors and its distinctive black spot behind the gills. Illinois State Fish Bluegill is often called “bream” or “brim”, especially in the southern states. The bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) is a species of freshwater fish and sometimes its referred to as bream, brim, or copper nose.
Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) is native to North America and lives in streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds. It is commonly found east of the Rockies. State Fish Of Illinois usually hides around, and inside, old tree stumps and other underwater structures. The bluegill can live in either deep or very shallow water, and will often move back and forth, depending on the time of day or season. Illinois State Fish Bluegills also like to find shelter among water plants and in the shade of trees along banks. There Are many varieties and colors for bluegill.
The adult male bluegill is pale blue to greenish-yellow, while the female and young Illinois State Fish bluegill are grayish-green. Most bluegills are distinguished by six to eight dark vertical bands of color. Bluegill is generally small to medium-sized fish. The largest one reported from Illinois weighed 1.6 kilograms (3 lb. 8oz.). More typically, State Fish Of Illinois would weigh about 0.3 kilograms (12 oz.) and would be about 24 centimeters (9.5 in.) long. The record catches for Bluegill in Illinois is 3 pounds, 8 ounces, caught in 1987. The average lifespan of bluegill is around 5 to 6 years.
Facts About Bluegill State Fish:
1. Shallow water nesters
Bluegill sunfish give birth in shallow water nests built in water that is “less than about 2 feet deep. These nests are shallow, circular depressions and are frequently in areas with gravel bottoms. Often many males build nests in one small area. Females lay eggs in the nests and the males guard the eggs until they hatch,” said the Illinois State Museum.
Bluegills are carnivorous fish. They most enjoy eating aquatic insects and their larvae, but when food is scarce, they will devour smaller fish, crayfish, snails, and even algae.
3. Record-setting catch
The bluegill is a smallish fish, growing to an average of 9 inches and weighing about 12 ounces. The largest bluegill ever caught in Illinois weighed 3 pounds, 8 ounces and was captured in a private pond by angler Darren May on May 10, 1987.