State Fish of Louisiana

State Fish of Louisiana

White Crappie Is The Official State Fish of Louisiana. The White Crappie was Adopted as the official freshwater fish of Louisiana in 1993. Also called sac-au-lait, white crappie, speckled perch, papermouth, goggle-eye, silver bass, and bachelor perch, the white perch is a schooling fish in the sunfish family. The Louisiana State Fish White Crappie (Pomoxis annularis), is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies. There are two species of crappies found in Louisiana: 1) The Black Crappie, (Pomoxis nigromaculatus,) and 2) The White Crappie, (Pomoxis annularis.)

They are found in almost all waters with the exception of mountain streams. They are more abundant in large impoundment’s, natural lakes and backwaters. State Fish of Louisiana White crappies are more tolerant of turbid conditions with the black crappie preferring clearer lakes. The Louisiana State Fish white crappie is deep-bodied and silvery in color, ranging from silvery-white on the belly to a silvery-green or even dark green on the back. There are several vertical bars on the sides. The dorsal fin has a maximum of six spines. Males may develop dark coloration in the throat region during the spring spawning season.

State Fish of Louisiana white crappie is nest builders. They are similar to bluegills in that they tend to nest in relatively large “beds,” and they have very high reproductive potential which often leads to overpopulation and stunting in small lakes and impoundments. They are similar to bluegills in that they tend to nest in relatively large “beds,” and they have very high reproductive potential which often leads to overpopulation and stunting in small lakes and impoundments.

 

STATUS

Official

PHYSICAL DETAILS

Length: Up to 21 in (53 cm); average of 12 in (30 cm)

Weight: Up to 5.2 lbs (2.4 kg); average of 1 lbs (450 g)

LIFESPAN

Up to 10 years

HABITAT

Warm, slow-moving, silted rivers and lakes

Range: West of the Appalachian Mountains to central Texas, north to eastern Canada, south to the Gulf of Mexico. Widely introduced in the western U.S.

Water type: Freshwater

Water temp: 70-75°F (21-24°C)

Conservation Status: Secure

DIET

Plankton, small fish, fish eggs, crayfish, and aquatic insect larvae.

REPRODUCTION

Fertilization: External

Spawning frequency: Spring

Mating behavior: Distinct pairing

Egg laying: Males will dig a nest in sand or gravel at a depth of 3–10 feet (1–3 m) and then wait for females to lay their eggs. Females will distribute their eggs across several male nests.

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