Landlocked Salmon Is The Official State Fish of Maine. The Landlocked Salmon, (Salmo salar Sebago,) was Adopted As the official state fish of Maine in 1969. A subspecies of the Atlantic salmon, live in the lakes of the northern United States without ever descending to the sea. Maine State Fish Landlocked salmon attain a maximum weight of about 35 lbs. The two Most important landlocked populations of the Atlantic salmon are: 1) The Sebago Salmon: Commonly found in New Hampshire, Maine, and New Brunswick. 2) The Ouananiche, of Lac Saint-Jean, Canada.
In the US. State Fish of Maine landlocks were originally found in just four Maine lake systems- Sebago, Green, Sebec, and Grand. Although many people believe that landlocks are “glaciomarine relicts,” trapped by rising land and dropping sea levels some 10,000 years ago, more recent evidence suggests that certain Atlantic salmon simply stopped going to the ocean. This view About Maine State Fish is supported by the fact that all four original lakes offered access to the ocean before they were dammed. Scientists do admit that they have no explanation for why some fish would decide to become “voluntarily landlocked.”
Characteristics of Landlocked Salmon:
State Fish of Maine Landlocks don’t grow as large as their sea-run cousins, generally running between 12 and 20 inches, although much larger specimens can be found in big lakes. Adult Landlocks Average size is 16-18 inches and 1-1 1/2 pounds, but 3-5 pound fish are not uncommon. Adults are generally silvery with a slightly forked tail and small X-shaped markings on the back and upper sides. Juvenile salmon have a dark red spot between each pair of parr marks.
State Fish landlocked salmon are a freshwater form of the sea-run Atlantic salmon. Cathance Lake in Washington County was probably the first Maine lake to be artificially stocked with fish landlocked salmon. This occurred in 1868, using salmon eggs obtained at Grand Lake Stream the previous year. State Fish Landlocked salmon also provide good fisheries in 44 rivers and streams totaling about 290 miles.
Hatchery stockings are needed to maintain fisheries in 127 lakes (72% of all lakes supporting primary fisheries). These lakes do not have sufficient amounts of suitable spawning and nursery areas to produce wild salmon. Without regular stockings, salmon in these lakes would disappear entirely, or their numbers would be very, very low. About 123,000 landlocked were stocked annually in Maine lakes from 1996 to 2000. The Eldest landlocked salmon on record in Maine And It was 13 years old.