State Flower Of Alabama

State Flower Of Alabama

Camellia Is The State Flower Of Alabama. The Camellia was designated the Official State Flower of Alabama in 1959, replacing the original state flower – goldenrod (adopted in 1927). Camellias appear on the Alabama quarter. The Other Name Of Camellia Is “the rose of winter,” the camellia (Camellia japonica L) is a native of China, Korea, Taiwan, and Japan. The camellia is cultivated in the southeastern United States in many different colors and forms of flowers.

Alabama State Flower Camellia is a genus of about 82 species of evergreen shrubs or trees of the tea family Theaceae, native to tropical and subtropical Asia. Popular as an ornamental flower, the Camellia is the Alabama State Flower. The common Camellia is classified as Camellia japonica. Camellia is an easy to grow evergreen flowering shrub with many uses, incredible ruggedness, and great beauty. Camellias are attractive because of their flowers, glossy leaves, and exquisite form. Camellias are highly valued in Japan. Alabama State Flower, Camellia is the only symbol not native to Alabama.


Facts About Camellia:

  1. Camellia japonica is the most popular garden species of Camellia with the greatest number of varieties.
  2. In June 1999, the Legislature designated the Camellia japonica L, as the official state flower of Alabama.
  3. The genus Camellia was named after Fr. Kamel S.J., a Jesuit botanist, and with the synonym Thea japonica.
  4. Camellia flowers bloom from November to March with the peak of bloom in January and February.
  5. Cuttings are the most popular means of propagating camellias.
  6. Camellia japonicas are native to Japan, China, Malaysia, and India.
  7. Camellia fruit is a dry capsule subdivided into 1-5 compartments, each containing 1-8 seeds.
  8. Camellia species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species.



Scientific Name: Camellia oleifera Pronunciation: Kuh-MEEL-ee-uh oh-lee-IF-er-uh Common Name(s): Tea-Oil Camellia Family: Theaceae USDA hardiness zones: 6 through 9 (Fig. 2)

Origin: not native to North America

Uses: Bonsai; container or above-ground planter; hedge; large parking lot islands (> 200 square feet in size); wide tree lawns (>6 feet wide); medium-sized parking lot islands (100-200 square feet in size); medium-sized tree lawns (4-6 feet wide); recommended for buffer strips around parking lots or for median strip plantings in the highway; near a deck or patio; screen; trainable as a standard; small parking lot islands (< 100 square feet in size); narrow tree lawns (3-4 feet wide); specimen; sidewalk cutout (tree pit); residential street tree

Availability: grown in small quantities by a small number of nurseries