Saguaro Is The State Flower Of Arizona. In 1901 the saguaro blossom was adopted as the official territorial flower. Later, in 1931 Saguaro was confirmed as the State Flower Of Arizona. The Arizona State Flower saguaro cactus typically blooms in May and June. The Flower Saguaro is one of the most unique state flowers and is characterized by having a waxy feel, but fragrant aroma.
Saguaro only grows in the Sonoran Desert. However, Saguaro does not grow in all parts of the Sonoran Desert. The map at left represents the range of the Arizona State Flower Sonoran Desert (crosshatch) with an overlay of the range of the saguaro cactus (solid). The range of the State Flower Of Arizona saguaro is limited by freezing temperatures in winter.
This Saguaro has an erect, branched stem 3-16 m tall and 30-75 cm in diameter. The arms sometimes number as many as 50. The ribs of Saguaro are prominent and number from 12 to 30. Gray spines densely cover the stem. The funnelform-campanulate flowers are 8.5-12.5 cm and the outer parts are green with lighter borders and the inner parts are petal-like and white.
Things About Saguaro:
- State Flower Of Arizona Saguaros are the largest cactus species in the U.S. they can grow more than 40 feet tall. (The largest species in North America is the giant Cardon cactus, which grows in parts of Mexico).
- Depending on how much water they amass, saguaros can shrink or swell in girth by 20-25 percent over the course of a year, according to Hultine.
- The Scientific Name of Saguaro Is Carnegiea gigantic. It was Given in honor of industrialist Andrew Carnegie, whose Carnegie Institution established the Desert Botanical Laboratory in Tucson, Arizona, in 1903.
- Saguaros don’t always assume the familiar, forked silhouette of cowboy lore a small number appear “crested” by a fan-like structure referred to as a cristate. But these “are very rare,” notes Hultine.
- Saguaros are culturally important to the Tohono O’odham Nation. These Native Americans harvest ripe saguaro fruit in the spring to make wines, jams, and jellies. Saguaro wine is ritually consumed during Nawait I’m a Tohono O’odham rain ceremony.