The White and lavender Rocky Mountain Columbine Is The Official State Flower Of Colorado. It was Adopted as the Official State Flower On April 4, 1899, by An Act of The General Assembly. The Rocky Mountain Columbine (Aquilegia coerulea) was discovered in 1820 by a hiker on Pike’s Peak. Rocky Mountain Columbine became the state flower seventy-nine years later, thanks to a vigorous campaign led by Colorado school children.
In 1925, the General Assembly made it the duty of all Citizens to Protect The Colorado State Flower Rare species from needless destruction or waste. To further protect this fragile flower, the law prohibits digging or uprooting the flower on public lands and limits the gathering of buds, blossoms and stems to 25 in one day. The colors of the State Flower Of Colorado Rocky Mountain Columbine are symbolic: the blue petals represent the state’s clear sky, the center white cup reflects the snow-capped mountains and the yellow stamen symbolizes the region’s gold mining history.
Columbine is the Latin word for dove, a name befitting the graceful, long-spurred blooms. Cultivation requires a half day of sun, good drainage, and moderate moisture. A fairly short-lived perennial (about 4-5 years), it self-sows with ease. Beware, seedlings can be mischievous chameleons, returning as a different color than the mother plant. Several species of State Flower Of Colorado Columbine flowers are grown in gardens for ornamental and landscaping purposes.
Aquilegia vulgaris – a European Columbine is a traditional garden flower in the British Isles, and several of the species that are native to North America are popular garden plants. Colorado State Flower Rocky Mountain Columbine are known for their distinctive bell-shaped flowers, with each petal modified into an elongated nectar spur, and are very fragrant.
Facts About Columbine Flowers:
- Columbine plants grow from long carrot-like taproots, which aid in making them drought tolerant and also cause the plant to be more difficult to move once established.
- Columbine is grown easily from seed and typically blooms in the months of April thru July.
- Columbines bloom in the spring. Their delicate flowers are often multi-colored and may be white, red, yellow, blue, pink, lavender, red, or a combination of these shades.
- Native Americans used this plant for medicinal purposes, including relieving heart problems and fevers
- Columbines thrive in full sun or partial shade with rich, evenly moist, well-drained soils.