The Peach blossom (Prunus Persica) Is The State Flower Of Delaware. The Peach Blossom, (Prunus Persica) was Originally Adopted as the floral emblem of The State on May 9, 1895, And Was designated the Delaware State Flower In 1953. Peach Blossoms could be seen across the gorgeous shoreline of Delaware’s Coast In 1875. Unfortunately, the peach farmers faced many problems throughout the latter part of the 19th century.
The peach disease called “the yellows” forced the untimely collapse of the booming agricultural industry and, in the early 1900s, many peach farmers faced bankruptcy. Today there are very few State Flower Of Delaware Peach Blossoms in Delaware, even though the U.S. still emerges as the leading peach grower in the world. Peach Blossoms are produced in early spring before the leaves.
Many peach trees are planted in commercial orchards, and some are cultivated in gardens as ornamentals. Peach blossom blooms as a solitary or paired flower. The Peach blossom is 2.5-3 cm in diameter, with five petals. State Flower Of Delaware Peach blossoms is light pink to carmine, to purplish in color. The ovary on the Peach blossom is perigynous, simple (single locale), and surrounded by a hypanthium.
The color of the inner surface of the Delaware State Flower is hypanthium on the Peach Blossom is indicative of flesh color. Peach blossom petals can be large and showy, or small and curved on margins. Peach blossom is borne singly on short peduncles (almost sessile) from lateral buds on 1-yr-old wood. There is usually 1-2 Peach blossom buds/node. Peach blossoms exhibit cleistogamy, pollinating themselves prior to opening.
Characteristics of the Peach Tree and Blossom:
Leaf: Alternate, simple, lanceolate, serrated, 3 to 6 inches long, often curved along the midrib, shiny dark green above, paler below.
Flower: Light pink to carmine, to purplish; 1 inch in diameter. Single locule, the single seed inside the superior ovary, surrounded by hypanthium. Color of the inner surface of hypanthium is indicative of flesh color; whitish-green = white, gold = yellow. Petals can be large and showy, or small and curved on margins.
Fruit: Fuzzy drupe, 3 inches across, yellow and red, hard, the ribbed pit inside encloses the seed, very delicious and juicy, ripens in mid-summer.
Twig: New growth is red and green, later turns gray-brown, buds are blunt and gray fuzzy, spur shoot present.
Bark: Dark gray, initially smooth with elongated lenticels, later splits and becomes irregularly scaly.