Wild Rose Is The State Flower Of Iowa. The Iowa Legislature designated the Wild Rose as the official Iowa State Flower in 1897. Wild Rose was chosen as the State Flower for the honor because it was one of the decorations used on the silver service which the state presented to the battleship USS Iowa that same year. Although no particular species of the State Flower Of Iowa was designated by the Legislature, the Wild Prairie Rose (Rosa Pratincola) is most often cited as the official flower.
Rosa blanda is most often given the honor of being the state flower, even though it is common only in the northern half of the state. Iowa State Flower Wild Prairie Rose flowers are about 2 inches broad and fragrant. The five petals on the Wild Prairie Rose vary from pink to white or rarely deep roselight and the flowers usually bloom in groups at ends of branches. Three or more Wild Prairie Rose flowers are borne on new-growth branches that are unarmed with prickles. Inflorescence of the Wild Prairie Rose is a corymb. The peduncles on the Wild Prairie Rose are glabrous with five sepals. The styles on the Wild Prairie Rose are not exserted, but persistent, while the stamens are numerous.
Characteristics of the State Flower Of Iowa Wild Prairie Rose:
Shrub: This shrub-like plant will grow to four feet tall.
Twigs: red-brown with many straight spines and bristles.
Leaves: The leaves on the Wild Prairie Rose plant are compound with 7 to 11 oval leaflets seldom over 1 inch 2.5 cm long, sharply serrated or toothed, smooth on both sides.
Inflorescence: a corymb, peduncles glabrous, flowers 2-4, 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) in diameter; sepals 5, lanceolate, 1-1.2 cm (3/8-5/8 in) long.
Habitat: Rosa Blanda (meadow rose) is found in Iowa’s prairies, meadows, and open woodlands.
Medicinal uses: The Omahas steeped wild prairie rose hips and roots to treat inflammation of the eye. The Pawnees collected leaf galls which were crushed and applied to burns.
Facts About The Wild Prairie Rose:
- Wild Prairie Rose seeds are often contained in oats, wheat, barley, rye, and sweet clover seed.
- Wild Prairie Roses are distributed across Oklahoma, Texas, and New Mexico, north to Colorado, east to Kansas and Minnesota.
- The Wild Prairie Rose flowers are seen in varying shades of pink, with many yellow stamens in the center.
- Wild Prairie Roses are grown in prairies, woodland margin and disturbed areas.