Black-Eyed Susan Is The Official State Flower Of Maryland. The Black-eyed Susan was designated the state flower of Maryland on April 18, 1918. Black-eyed Susans are a very common flower in Maryland fields and roadsides, and the black and gold colors match the state bird, state insect, and even the state cat. Maryland State Flower Black-eyed Susan is a flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is an upright annual (sometimes biennial or perennial) native to most of North America.
Black-eyed Susan flower is one of many plants with the common name Black-eyed Susan. The genus Rudbeckia has a number of species, among which Rudbeckia hirta is one. State Flower Of Maryland Black-eyed Susan flower is among the most cherished state flowers. Black-eyed Susan has colorful yellow-gold single petals that are often two to four inches across, and encircling their large black centers.
They bloom with solitary terminal heads on long peduncles and feature eight to twenty-one yellow-orange ray florets and dark purple to brownish disk florets. The disk is ovoid in shape and up to 0.8 inches across. The ligules of Maryland State Flower Black-eyed Susan are about 1.5 inches long. The involucral bracts are sometimes very elongated and have long, stiff hairs. There are about 90 varieties of State Flower Black-eyed-Susan. The Black-eyed Susan flower is the best known of the Coneflowers, so named because their centers are cone-shaped and the petals bend downward from the center which accentuates the cone.
Facts About Black-eyed Susan:
- Some of the varieties of the Black-eyed Susan – Rudbeckia hirta flowers are Rudbeckia hirta var. angustifolia native to Southeastern United States (South Carolina to Texas); Rudbeckia hirta var. floridana, endemic to Florida; Rudbeckia hirta var. hirta, native to Northeastern United States (Maine to Alabama).
- Black-eyed Susan plants can reach 1-2 m in height, and the stems are erect, much branched, and hispid.
- The lower leaves of the Black-eyed Susan plant are oblanceolate to elliptic, up to 6 inches long, and are on petioles.
- Native to North America, Black Eyed Susan flowers are prolific wildflowers that have become popular in the home flower garden.
- Blackeyed Susan flower plant is a host plant for the Silvery Checkerspot butterfly caterpillar.
- Black-eyed Susan typically stays in a basal rosette its first year and then produces upright branching stems with flowers in the second year.