Bitterroot Is The Official State Flower Of Montana. The official State Flower Of Montana, which was chosen back in 1895 With the scientific name “Lewisia Rediviva”. The Montana State Flower Bitterroot is small and belongs to the family Montiaceae. The perennial herb has a unique ability to grow from roots that appear dead and dry. The taproot is usually fleshy while the base may be simple or branched. The stems of the flowers do not have leaves while the flowers themselves may have five or six sepals with an oval shape.
The State Flower Of Montana can have a number of colors ranging from whitish to lavender or deep pink hue. Usually, blooming occurs between April and July. The petals of the flower have an oblong shape and a length of between 0.7 and 1.4 inches. Upon maturity, the plants produce seeds that have the shape of an egg. During their bloom season, the State Flower Of Montana can be found in sagebrush plains as well as the foothills of mountains in the western and south central sides of Montana. Native to the western region of North America, the flower can also be seen growing in places like grasslands, forests, and open bushlands.
The range of the Montana State Flower begins at the southern region of British Columbia all the way to Oregon and Washington. After that, the range extends further to southern California’s Cascade Range then heads east to northern Colorado, northern Arizona, western Montana, and Wyoming. The perfect soil for its growth is one that is dry and gravelly or rocky. In the past, people knew the State Flower Of Montana by other names such as Racine amère for the French while Native Americans called it a spectrum, septum, Nakamatsu, and mo’ôtáa-heséeo’ôtse.
In the case of the Flathead Indians and the Shoshone, the roots of the plant were eaten although not that frequently. In the state of Montana, three major features owe their names to this plant. These features are the Bitterroot Mountains between Montana and Idaho, the Bitterroot River, and the Bitterroot Valley.
Facts About Bitterroot
- The Bitterroots ability to come back from what appears to be dried death is what gives rise to the species name rediviva.
- The leaves of Bitterroot disappear before or at the time of flowering in late spring.
- The Bitterroot plant is a low-growing perennial with a fleshy taproot and a simple or branched base.