“Peach” Is The State Fruit Of Georgia. Georgia accepted the peach as the official state fruit in 1995. Georgia is called the Peach State, but the fruit has been part of our history long before there was a Georgia. The peaches Of Georgia is recognized for its superior flavor, texture, appearance and nutritious qualities that promote a healthy, balanced diet. Georgia State Fruit Peaches were cultivated in China before written history and moved to Persia (Iraq) along silk trading routes.
The epithet persica denotes Persia, which is the first Europeans obtained peaches. Greeks and especially Romans spread the peach throughout Europe and England starting in 300-400 BC. State Fruit Of Georgia Peaches came to the new world with explorers of the 16th-17th centuries, with Portuguese introducing it to S. America and Spaniards to N. America (Northern Florida/Georgia coast). Native Americans and settlers distributed the peach across N. America into southern Canada, and it is cultivated in 2/3 of the 48 contiguous states today.
State Fruit Of Georgia Peaches are the leading deciduous fruit crop grown in Texas, and it is estimated that there are more than one million trees planted statewide, only half of which are planted in commercial orchards of one acre or larger. The demand for high quality locally produced peaches remains good, and the future appears bright for the industry. The potential for growing fresh Georgia State Fruit peaches is enhanced by the proximity of major growing areas to metropolitan centers, enabling growers to market high-quality, tree-ripened fruit at premium prices.
Characteristics of the Georgia Peach:
A small tree with a spreading canopy, usually 2-3.5 min cultivation. Trees are short-lived, generally living only 15-20 years, and even less in cultivation.
- Leaf: Alternate, simple, lanceolate, serrated, 3 to 6 inches long, often curved along the midrib, shiny dark green above, paler below.
- Flower: Light pink to carmine, to purplish; 1 inch in diameter. Single locule, the single seed inside the superior ovary, surrounded by hypanthium.
- Fruit: Fuzzy drupe, 3 inches across, yellow and red, hard, the ribbed pit inside encloses the seed, very delicious and juicy, ripens in mid-summer.
- Twig: New growth is red and green, later turns gray-brown, buds are blunt and gray fuzzy, spur shoot present.
- Bark: Dark gray, initially smooth with elongated lenticels, later splits and becomes irregularly scaly.
- Form: A small tree up to 15 feet with a spreading crown.