State Fruit Of Illinois

State Fruit Of Illinois

GoldRush Apple Is The State Fruit Of Illinois. Illinois designated goldrush apples as the official state fruit in 2008. Goldrush apples are a cross of golden delicious and an experimental variety of apple (Co-op 17). That Apple is developed by the disease-resistant apple breeding program of the University of Illinois, Purdue University and Rutgers University in New Jersey. Illinois State Fruit Goldrush apples are long-keeping and have a delicious sweet-tart taste. The Apple Name “Goldrush” refers to the golden color and the “rush” refers to rich, spicy flavor. A properly stored State Fruit Of Illinois goldrush apple will keep its crisp, firm texture and complex flavor for at least seven months.

The State Fruit Of Illinois apples themselves are relatively large (6-7 cm. in diameter), firm, and crisp. The fruit is green to yellow with an occasional red blush at the time of picking, but it deepens to a pleasant gold in storage. In fact, Illinois State Fruit Goldrush apples are excellent for winter storage. They appear very late in the growing season and can hold up easily for three and up to seven months after being harvested. The skin of a goldrush apple is greenish-yellow with occasional bronze to red blush at harvest (which turns to solid deep yellow in storage). GoldRush is a very fine and high-quality disease-resistant golden apple with a pretty blush.

Illinois State Fruit is one of the latest harvesting apples, so may not ripen properly in many northern areas. However, letting it hang as long as possible and storing for a while before eating will allow it to mellow. State Fruit Of Illinois is very firm, crisp and juicy. Tart at harvest it will develop a very rich, well-balanced flavor after a few weeks of storage. It stores very well. The variety is derived from Golden Delicious as the seed parent, with crosses from several other research varieties including Winesap, Melrose, Rome Beauty, and Malus floribunda – the latter being a well-known source of the Vf scab-resistant gene.

 

Origin:

Species: Malus Domestica

Parentage: Seed parent is Golden Delicious

Originates from: Purdue Research Farm, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA, United States

Introduced: 1990s

Developed by: Joint breeding program of Indiana, Illinois, and New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Stations.

Orange Pippin Cultivar ID: 1557

 

Disease Resistance:

Scab  – Very resistant

Mildew  – Very resistant

Fireblight  – Some resistance

Cedar apple rust  – Some susceptibility