State Fruit Of Minnesota

State Fruit Of Minnesota

Honeycrisp™ Apple Is The Official State Fruit Of Minnesota. The Honeycrisp™ apple (Malus pumila cultivar Honeycrisp) was adopted as the state fruit in 2006. The Minnesota State Fruit apple was produced from a 1960 cross of Macoun and Honeygold apples, as part of the University of Minnesota apple breeding program to develop a winter-hardy tree with high-quality fruit. The original seedling was planted in 1962. Today, millions of Honeycrisp apple trees are grown across the U.S. and Canada and as far away as South Africa and New Zealand.

State Fruit Of Minnesota Honeycrisp apples is about three inches in diameter. Their skin color is 60 to 90 percent mottled red over a yellow background. The fruit surface has shallow dimples and numerous, small dots with green russeting at the stem end. Honeycrisp apples are characterized by an exceptionally crisp and juicy texture. Minnesota State Fruit is harvested from mid-September to mid-October in east-central Minnesota; the optimum harvest usually occurs the last week of September. Honeycrisp apples from Fireside Orchard near Northfield are pictured here.

 

Characteristics of the Honeycrisp™

 

Origin

Minnesota State Fruit Honeycrisp was produced from a 1960 cross of Macoun and Honeygold, as part of the University of Minnesota apple breeding program to develop winter hardy cultivars with high fruit quality.

 

Description

Honeycrisp is a moderately vigorous tree with a somewhat spreading growth habit. It appears to be well suited to a central leader training system, although the leader may require staking or some fruit removal due to early bearing. The tree is a reliable annual bearer and has shown good precocity on dwarf rootstock. State Fruit Of Minnesota Honeycrisp apples is oblate to roundly oblate in shape and 2-3/4 to 3-1/2 inches (7 to 9 centimeters) in diameter. Stems are approximately 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) long and moderately stiff. Skin color is 60 to 90 percent distinctive mottled red over a yellow background. A nearly solid red coloration develops only if the fruit is well exposed to the sun. The fruit surface has shallow dimples and numerous, small lenticels (dots) with green russeting at the stem end.

 

Performance

State Fruit Honeycrisp apple’s harvest season ranges from September 15 to October 10 in east-central Minnesota. Optimum harvest usually occurs in the fourth week of September, approximately one week after McIntosh and 2-1/2 weeks before Red Delicious. Earlier harvested apples are generally mild in flavor, while fruit from later harvest dates may be strongly aromatic.

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