“Wabash River” Is The State River of Indiana. Indiana State Accepted the Wabash River as the official state river in 1996. The State River Wabash River is also the theme of Indiana’s state song, is mentioned in the state poem, and on Indiana’s honorary award (The Sagamore of the Wabash). The Indiana State River Heritage Corridor Commission was authorized with the passage of House Enrolled Act 1382 by the 1991 General Assembly of Indiana.
The current applicable Indiana Code, IC 14-13-6, as amended by the 1997 and 2005 General Assembly of Indiana. The name “Wabash” is an English Meaning of the French Name for the river, “Ouabache”. The State River of Indiana Wabash River is a 503-mile-long (810 km) river in Indiana And It flows from the headwaters near the middle of Ohio‘s western border northwest then southwest across northern Indiana turning south along the Illinois border where the southern portion forms the Indiana-Illinois border before flowing into the Ohio River.
The Wabash has always been Indiana’s most famous river. Occupying the heartland of the state, the river drains two-thirds of the 92 counties as it flows over 475 miles to its confluence with Ohio below Mount Vernon. The Indiana State River rises in Ohio near Fort Recovery and flows for only thirty miles before it becomes entirely an Indiana River. Wabash River is a river of many faces and moods.
At times State River of Indiana occupies a huge valley which was carved by a glacial runoff but it also flows through a partially filled valley formed before the glacial advances. In Wabash River upper stretches, the Wabash moves across the fertile, flat land in a narrow, shallow trench.
Facts about Wabash River:
- The Wabash runs freely for 411 miles from the dam at Roush Reservoir (Huntington County) to the Ohio River, making it the longest free-flowing stretch of any river in the United States east of the Mississippi River.
- Despite losses in biodiversity, the Wabash River section around Terre Haute is home to 61 species of plants, animals, and habitats considered rare, threatened or endangered
- Bald eagles, once federally endangered, now nest in the Wabash River/Sugar Creek corridor. So do Great blue herons.
- Seventy-three of Indiana’s 92 counties lie within the Wabash River watershed, which drains almost 75 percent of Indiana.
- Wabash is the English spelling of “Ouabache” – the French name for the river. French traders named it after the Miami Indian name, waapaahsiiki, meaning “it shines white.”