Basketball Is The Official State Sport Of Massachusetts. Massachusetts State Adopted Basketball as the official State Sport on August 8th, 2006. The Sports Basketball was invented by James Naismith in Springfield, Massachusetts. The year was 1891, and as the story goes, Naismith was asked to come up with an indoor game that offered fewer injuries than classic American gridiron football. He came up with a 9-on-9 game that involved shooting a ball into a peach basket. Under those first rules, a single point was scored for a made basket. The first game would have a final score of 1-0.
The Massachusetts State Sport basketball grew very rapidly, with college teams forming leagues within the first decade of the game’s invention. Naismith himself would become a college coach for the game, joining the University of Kansas in 1898. He would amass a win/loss record of 55-60. This means James Naismith, the inventor of basketball, is also the only coach in Kansas history to have a losing record.
State Sport Of Massachusetts Basketball was introduced to the rest of the world due to efforts from the US Army and the YMCA. In 1893, the first international basketball match was organized. Members took the game to India, Japan, Persia, and China as well. By 1900, most major colleges were fielding a State Sport Of Massachusetts basketball team. In 1905, formal collegiate rules were introduced for basketball and in 1909, the NCAA would take over the game for good. The first NCAA DI tournament would be held in 1939.
Here are the other rules that Naismith included with his game.
- The basketball had to be held between the hands, without the arms or body holding it.
- Players could not strike, push, hold, trip, or shoulder their opponent. If they did, this would be considered a foul. Two fouls would disqualify a player until the next basket was made without substitution. An attempt to injure an opponent would disqualify that player for the whole game.
- Striking at the ball with a fist would be considered a foul.
- A team committing three consecutive fouls would have a goal counted against them.
- A goal was scored only if the ball stayed in the basket. If it bounced out, the goal was not counted.
- Umpires could throw the ball into play if no one knew who had lost it out of bounds. They were also responsible for keeping track of fouls and scoring.
- Each half was 15 minutes. The side with the most points would win the game.