The State Tree of Alabama is the Southern Longleaf Pine Or Pinus palustris Miller. Alabama legislature first designated the Official State Tree of Alabama as “the southern pine tree” in 1949 – it wasn’t until 1997 that the southern longleaf pine (Pinus palustris P. Mill.) was specified. Alabama State Tree Longleaf pine is distributed primarily in the lower two-thirds of the state.
It may be distinguished by the needles which occur in bundles of threes and are about 12 inches long. The cones are about seven inches long. Alabama State Tree longleaf pine ecosystem once covered 90 million acres in the Southeastern United States. Today only scattered patches of the longleaf pine ecosystem occur – mostly in the coastal plains of the Carolinas, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, and Texas. National Tree Of Alabama Covers Less than three million acres remain (over 97% decline) and over 30 plant and animal species also associated with longleaf pine ecosystems are threatened or endangered.
Pinus palustris P. Mill., longleaf pine, is found in the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains from southeastern Virginia to central Florida and west to eastern Texas, and in the Piedmont region and Valley and Ridge province of Georgia and Alabama. State Tree of Alabama Longleaf pine is a long-lived, native, evergreen conifer with scaly bark. Needles are in bundles of 3; they are shiny, dark green, and 8 to 15 inches long. Cones are 6 to 8 inches long. Mature trees attain a height of 100 to 120 feet and 2½ feet in diameter. Its seeds are the largest of all southern pines. Alabama State Tree has extensive lateral roots and a taproot that grows 8 to 12 feet long.
Subgenus: P. subg. Pinus
Section: P. sect. Trifoliae
Subsection: P. subsect. Australes
Species: P. palustris