Cottonwood Tree Is The Official State Tree Of Kansas. Kansas Adopted the cottonwood as the official state tree on March 23, 1937. The Bill For State Tree Is Introduced by State Representative Relihan Is Called “Kansas House Bill No. 113”. The People Of Kansas calling it the “pioneer tree of the prairie,” Approved on March 23, 1937. The Kansas legislation did not specify a particular variety of Cottonwood Tree. There hasn’t always been agreement about the classification of cottonwoods that do grow in Kansas.
State Tree Of Kansas Cottonwood Is also called southern cottonwood, common cottonwood, Carolina poplar, plains cottonwood, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and Alamo. Cottonwood one of the largest eastern hardwoods is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Kansas State Tree Cottonwood grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood.
Cottonwood Tree is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. Besides the typical eastern variety, there is a western variety, plains cottonwood. Kansas State Tree Cottonwood leaves, more broad than long, are slightly smaller and more coarsely toothed than the typical variety. Populus deltoides has been referred to as the eastern cottonwood. But, some botanists recognize two variations of State Tree Of Kansas Populus deltoides, var. deltoides commonly called the eastern cottonwood and var. occidentalis Rydb. commonly referred to as the plains cottonwood.
Identification of the Kansas Cottonwood
- Size: The Size of Cottonwood Tree 80 – 100 feet with 40 – 60 ft. Spread
- Growth: Rapid; moderate to long life span.
- Leaf: The Leaf of Cottonwood Tree is Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole.
- Flower: The Flower of Cottonwood Tree is Dioecious, male and female as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves.
- Fruit: Fruit of Cottonwood Tree is Cottony seeds, 1/4 inch long borne in a dehiscent capsule. Maturing over summer.
- Twig: Stout, somewhat angled and yellowish. Buds are 3/4 inch long, covered with several brown, resinous scales. Has a bitter aspirin taste.
- Bark: Smooth, gray to yellow-green when young. Later turning gray with thick ridges and deep furrows.
- Form: A large tree with a clear bole and an open spreading crown resulting in a somewhat vase-shaped form