White Oak Is The Official State Tree Of Maryland. In 1941, Maryland Adopted the White Oak Tree (Fagaceae Quercus alba) as its state tree (Chapter 731, Acts of 1941; Code State Government Article, sec. 13-310). The Maryland State Tree is the White Oak is the oldest white oak tree in the country. Thought to be about 440 years old, it once stood in a small state park in the town of Wye Mills. The white oak can be found in every corner of the Maryland state. It grows best in upland areas and on slopes. It is not a tree that grows well in wet soil.
Average growth of the white oak tree is 100 feet in height and three feet in diameter. State Tree Of Maryland White oak can live for 350 to 400 years. Its leaves are bright green on top and pale green on the bottom. Each leaf has seven to nine rounded lobes. The Maryland State Tree white oak has gray-white bark and green-brown acorns. State Tree gets the name “white oak” from the light appearance of the bark.
State Tree White Oak is an excellent shade tree because of its thick leaves and wide-spreading branches. In the fall, the leaves of white oak trees turn colors before they fall off. They may be red, gold, brown, yellow or purple. Sometimes you can find all of these colors on the same tree. The State Tree Of Maryland white oak is an important tree to people and wildlife. Settlers in the Maryland territory used its acorns to feed pigs and its wood to build homes.
Identification Of The White Oak:
White oak is slow-growing and long-lived. Some trees have lived for up to 600 years.
White oak grows near a variety of other oak trees, as well as beech, sweet gum, chestnut, red maple, sugar maple, and hickories.
Alternate, simple, oblong to ovate in shape, pinnately veined with an evenly lobed margin, 4 to 7 inches long. The apex of White Oak is rounded and the base is wedge-shaped.
Red-brown to somewhat gray, hairless, with red-brown multiple terminal buds that are small, rounded and hairless. Twigs are often shiny or somewhat glaucous.
White Oak is Whitish or ashy gray, varying from scaly to irregularly platy or blocky. On older trees, smooth patches are not uncommon.
White Oak Is a large tree; when open grown, white oaks have rugged, irregular crowns that are wide spreading, with a stocky bole. In the forest, crowns are upright and oval.