The World Population day is an annually observed event, which is observed on the 11th of July every year, which intends to increase awareness of global population issues. The event was founded by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Program in 1989. The public’s interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987-approximately (the exact date of the day when the world’s population reached five billion people) inspired the event.
The world population, as of January 1, 2014, was estimated to be 7,137,661,030.
Around the world 140 babies are born every minute. On the 11th of July of the year 1987, one newborn in Yugoslavia was declared to be the 5 billionth human alive on Earth. Now, World Population Day is celebrated every year on July 11, to highlight the importance of addressing and resolving issues related to population.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has partners among governments and non-governmental organizations in 140 countries to encourage knowledge about reproductive health among the general public. These programs help to save lives, slow the spread of HIV and promote the idea of and initiate equal rights for men and women. This, in turn, helps to decrease the rate of poverty and stabilize population growth, leading to more healthy and prosperous families, communities and a better world.
Improving education is key method to stabilize the world population. When girls are provided with equal access to education and equal participation in the working population, they prefer to not start families at a younger age and tend to not have as many children when they do start families. Promoting equal rights for men and women is beneficial for everyone, it helps to reduce poverty and save lives.
Every minute, a woman in the developing world dies due to complications of pregnancy that can be treated or childbirth. With better access to health care, the lives of half a million women would be saved and even seven million infants wouldn’t die unnecessarily every year. Better reproductive health services would help lower the rate of the AIDS outbreak. An average of 14,000 people, half of which are under 25, are infected with HIV/AIDS everyday. Family planning for the poor of the world is in important requirement. The birth rate is highest in the world’s poorest places.
In the year 2000, at the Millennium Summit, the world’s leaders had agreed to that by 2015, access to reproductive health will be promoted universally and so will gender equality and end sexual discrimination that victimizes women. World Population Day is a mean to remind our leaders about their promise to meet these goals.
Teenage girls around the world face enormous challenges. Their communities or their parents may consider them to be ready for marriage and motherhood. Many are withdrawn from school, negatively effecting their future prospects. Even for girls who stay in school, access to basic informative facts about their health, their human rights and their reproductive rights may be hard to come by, leaving them vulnerable to sickness, injury and abuse. These challenges become harder among restricted girls, such as members of ethnic minorities or those suffering poverty or living in remote areas.
When teenage girls are empowered, when they are taught about their rights and are given the tools to succeed, they become members causing positive change in their communities.
UNFPA’s programs aim to end child marriage, curb adolescent pregnancy, and give power to girls to make rational, informed choices about their health and lives. In 2015 alone, UNFPA programs helped 11.2 million girls between 10 and 19 years of age gain access to services and information that concern sexual and reproductive health.
UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin said “Communities and leaders must focus on and promote human rights of the most marginalized teenage girls, especially those who are poor, educationally deprived, subjugated, or victimized to harmful traditional practices, including child marriage. Marginalized girls are exposed to poor reproductive health and have a higher chance of becoming mothers while still children themselves. They have a right to understand their own bodies and that they are in charge of their bodies and make decisions for their own lives.
The top 10 most populated countries in the world as of the 10th of July 2016 are: China, India, The United States of America, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia and Japan respectively. China, with a population of 1,377,540,000, contributes to 18.8% of the global population; India has a population of 1,295,260,000 and contributes to 17.7% of the global population; The USA has a population of 323,954,000, contributing to 4.42% of the global population. Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia and Japan contributes to 3.44%, 2.81%, 2.64%, 2.37%, 2.19%, 1.99% and 1.73% respectively.
The top 10 most densely populated countries are Singapore, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Taiwan, Mauritius, South Korea, Lebanon, Netherlands, Rwanda and India in descending order. Singapore has a population density of 7605 per square kilometers; Bahrain has a population density of 1646 per square kilometer; Bangladesh has a population density of 1087 per square kilometer. The following 7 countries have population densities of 645, 617, 505, 461, 407, 400 and 394 people per square kilometer respectively.
During the 20th century, the global population was increasing at a greater rate that ever in known history, rising from about 1.6 billion in 1900 to over 6 billion in 2000. This increase was due to a number of factors, including the decrease in the rate of morality in many countries by improved sanitation and medical facilities, and a massive increase in agricultural productivity ascribed to the Green Revolution.
In 2000, the United Nations assumed that the world’s population was growing at a rate of 1.14% per year (equivalent to around 75 million people), down from a peak of 88 million each year in 1989. By 2000, there were approximately ten times as many people on Earth as there had been in 1700. The population growth rate has been steadily declining globally from its peak at 2.19% in 1963, but growth remains high in Latin America, the Middle East, and Sub-Saharan Africa.
In some countries, where population growth is declining , especially in Europe – this is mainly due to low fertility rates. Since 2010, Japan and some countries in Europe began to encounter negative population growth, due to sub-replacement fertility rates.
In 2006, the United Nations declared that the rate of population growth was noticeably diminishing due to the progressing global demographic transition. If this trend continues, the rate of growth may diminish to zero by 2050, parallel with a world population level of 9.2 billion. However, this is only one of many scenarios published by the UN; in 2009, UN population outcrop for 2050 ranged between around 8 billion and 10.5 billion.
Whatever the situation of the global population may be in the future, we possess the ability to take the necessary steps to maintain it. The World Population Day is a reminder of this and this it’s importance is more that imaginable